Malvern schools then and now
Since the middle of the nineteenth century Malvern has been well known as a centre of education, and it is amazing just how many schools there have been in the town over the years.
Our story about past and present schools in Malvern, Worcestershire, England, started when we investigated the history of two small plaques in St Mary's Church, Guarlford, dedicated to the memory of former pupils of Southlea School, a small preparatory school for boys which closed in the 1930s. After considerable work we were relating our findings to an acquaintance who said 'Oh I went there'. And so it is that this page has continued to evolve as we delve into Trade Directories and people tell us about their school days in Malvern. You may find some entries rather long, as we have included interesting information about staff and pupils of those particular schools. So you can use the list of schools below to jump to any school that has special interest for you, by clinking on the link.
Kelly's Trade Directories of Worcestershire and others such as Littleburys (copies of which are held in the Reference section of Great Malvern Library) provide a unique insight into bygone Malvern, which is how we discovered the many schools there have been in Malvern, most small, a few relatively large. Even though we have researched a large number, still more appear and not all are mentioned here, but it is hoped you find this glimpse into the past interesting. If you are new to Malvern and looking for a school, we hope you find the list at the end helpful.
> The Hill
Private schools and tutors have provided an education for the gentry for hundreds of years. It seems that in the early days of the nineteenth century you needed no formal qualifications to set up a small private day school, just sufficient financial backing to lease a large house and buy some desks.
Additionally if you were setting up a school for boarders you would have required further accommodation, beds, kitchen staff and one or more matrons.
From a prep school, pupils might go on to a senior school, and for boys possibly to a university.
English Universities prior to about 1870 were mostly restricted to rich men, who had to be members of the Church of England. These universities mainly taught religion and the arts, and it was not until about 1900 that new universities started to come into being, offering tuition in science and engineering modelled on German lines.
In Victorian times private boarding schools expanded to meet the needs of merchants, engineers and military officers serving abroad in the British Empire, who either wanted or needed their children (mostly boys) to be educated at home in Britain.
In those days, education of girls was not of high priority, so poor girls were destined to a life of servitude and hard work, whether married or not, whilst rich girls hoped to marry someone who would look after them and keep them in the manner to which they had been accustomed. Schools for young ladies taught them the skills they would need in married life.
WWI changed that when women were required to take on the jobs of men away at the front, and afterwards there was a shortage of young men to marry, so thousands of young women of all classes suddenly found it necessary to pursue careers.
The contraction of the British Empire after WWII together with the inability of many British parents to afford the fees has led to pressure on schools in the private sector, despite overseas students being sought to fill the gaps. The reduction in the number of parents willing and able to afford private school fees was particularly apparent in the late 1980s when many schools were forced to either amalgamate or close.
Compare this with the situation of Church and state schools:-
The Industrial Revolution resulted in more skills being needed in the workplace, requiring for example the ability to read and write, add up, and for some a basic understanding of engineering and chemical processes.
The passing of the Elementary Education Act in 1870 required the compulsory universal education of all children between 5 and 10 years.
National Schools were founded in the 1800s by the 'National Society for Promoting Religious Education'. These schools provided elementary education, in accordance with the teaching of the Church of England, to the children of the poor (ref 1).
Church and state schools grew and adapted to meet the needs of an expanding population, immigration, movement in centres of population and the changing skills needed in the workforce.
The discussion about what should be taught and how continues even now to be a subject of fierce debate as, for example, with the Conservative/Liberal Democrat Coalition government of 2010 positioning to take state schools outside Local Education Authority control in order to give schools and governing bodies that seek it greater independence and hopefully increasing the quality of education.
A very early Malvern school for the poor was called 'The School of Ancient Industry' for spinning wool, flax, hemp etc. This was in Longridge Road for some 30 females of the poorer classes of the parish. The school, which taught spinning and needlework, was established by Lady Apphia Lyttelton about 1815 and closed in the 1840s after her death (ref 2). It was funded by charity.
Lady Lyttelton first lived at a black and white cottage named Peckham Grove in Poolbrook Road (later occupied by Polly Cartland, the mother of novelist Barbara Cartland). The house was renamed Littlewood House which is now largely hidden behind a fence and shrubbery, across the road from the 'Three Horseshoes' (see photo below).
Peckham Grove now Littlewood House
Circa 1821 Lady Lyttelton had a new house built on the east side of Poolbrook Road which she named Peachfield House. Peachfield House still stands and has been divided into two houses which can be found in Hayes Bank Road, just south of St Andrew's church (see white house in photo below).
Education for poorer families in Malvern, up until the end of the Second World War, would have been mainly provided by Church Schools.
From 1870 the school leaving age was 10, being raised to 12 by 1899. In 1918 the school leaving age went up to 14; and in 1947 it was raised again to 15 years. So during this period Church Schools would have had pupils mostly in the age range 5 to 14 years, with only a very few who were bright enough, and whose parents could afford it, going on to Grammar School, for example at Hanley Castle.
About 1902 Local Education Authorities (LEA) had been tasked with organising and funding state education. The first Council funded schools in Malvern were Somers Park in 1909 and Great Malvern, on the edge of Barnards Green, in 1916, augmenting the Church Schools, which by now were largely funded by the state.
It was not until 1953 that 'The Chase', the first Council School providing Secondary Education in Malvern, was opened, followed in 1958 by 'Dyson Perrins'. Before then the majority of pupils would have left school by age 15 to take up employment.
The Labour Government pursued the introduction of the 'Comprehensive' system of education in the 1970s, when the school leaving age went up to 16, whilst more recently the Conservative Party has been encouraging publicly funded schools to become Academy Trusts outside LEA control, and teenagers to remain in some sort of education until age 18, as jobs become more skilled.
On the examination front, in the 1970s, there had been a move towards modules and continuous assessment which some say enabled a larger percentage of students to achieve high grades. The pendulum now seems to be swinging the other way, with the Conservative Government of 2015 seeking 'A' levels to be examined at the end of the course, no doubt hoping for a better spread of marks that might better distinguish between different levels of academic ability.
So it is that the educational system continues to evolve!
Southlea School, Albert Road 1917 - source: Peter Gibbs
Two small plaques in St Mary's Church, Guarlford, are dedicated to the memory of former pupils of Southlea school.
One inscription reads,
AMDG In memory of James Hamilton Symonds who fell asleep 16 October 1918 from Southlea fellows and friends.
(AMDG is an abbreviation for the Latin - Ad Maiorem Dei Gloriam which translated means 'To the greater glory of God')
James Hamilton Symonds (died age 12 years) was the son of Dr George Henry Hamilton Symonds. James' elder brother Rowland Charles Symonds of Hereford went on to become a Brigadier in the Royal Artillery and married into the Peerage.
The second inscription reads,
In memory of Philip Nicholls who fell asleep St Matthias Day 1918 from Southlea School fellows and friends.
The plaque relates to a pupil of the school who died at a nursing home in Priory Road on 18th February 1918 aged only 11 years and is buried at Wolverley parish church. He was the son of Francis Welcome Nicholls and Hannah Street. Francis was a fruit merchant and farmer of Brookfield, Wolverley near Kidderminster, who had died in 1913. (Sadly Hannah died shortly after Philip thus leaving her seven other children orphans. Philip's elder brother Francis had to be the executor of his little brother's estate; he went on to develop a large and successful wholesale fruit and vegetable business).
Southlea, which was a private preparatory school in Albert Road, Great Malvern, in Worcestershire, had strong links with Guarlford Church, as the Rector, Reverend Frederick Newson, taught there for many years and was held in great esteem by staff and pupils, some of whom regularly attended Guarlford Church.
No physical trace of the school remains except for the car park opposite the Splash Leisure Centre, built on the school playing fields, being named Southlea car park. The playing fields at the rear of Southlea extended in an L shape across the back of two other houses all the way to Clarence road.
The main entrance to Southlea car park is in Priory Road, but map M113 of Great Malvern dated 1904 (stored in Malvern Library) shows that the house itself fronted on to Albert Road, which is now named Albert Road South. It must have been quite an important building as few of the other houses on the map were named.
The building, Southlea, stood where the Automatic Malvern Telephone Exchange was built, next to an old house which used to be called 'The Lynches' (see photo below); a strange name but possibly of Anglo Saxon origin, 'Linc' referring to a ridge or sloping ground.
The Lynches had typically been owned by retired doctors and surgeons.
Great Malvern was then a town for retired gentry with members of other classes mostly living in North Malvern and Malvern Link.
Revd John Francis Cooksey born 1851 and ordained 1874 was the son of J A Cooksey MRCP of The Lynches. A later owner was Francis William Romney, a cricketer and solicitor, born 1873 who was educated at Malvern College and St Mary Hall Oxford. He was a partner in Romney, Fraser and Odly of the Abbey Gate House, Malvern.
During WWII The Lynches, like Southlea, was probably taken over as a hostel for radar boffins as there was a patent application of 1943 about 'Improvements in or relating to Pulse Signal Selecting and Indicating Systems', by Frederick Calland Williams, of 1, The Lynches, Albert Road South, Great Malvern, Worcestershire, and others including Doreen Blumlein, who was representing her late husband, the scientist Alan Dower Blumlein. Alan Blumlein was the lead engineer on the wartime H2S Radar Project and was sadly killed when his Halifax trials aircraft crashed near Goodrich Castle.
The Lynches is now a care home for those with sensory impairments.
Living next door but one to Southlea school, at Stoberry, in 1901 was Lawrence Sidney Milward, a mathematics teacher at Malvern College and editor of the Malvern Register. His youngest son David Henry Milward (1907 - 1944) was a civil engineer; during WWII he was Corporal 13006110 Royal Engineers and his death 27th April 1944 is recorded on his parents' headstone in Guarlford churchyard. David's elder brother Frederick Alexander Milward served in the machine gun corps and tank corps towards the end of WWI (and survived).
Southlea school was started by Edward Roger Cooper Hays, the son of a solicitor, about 1861 and it probably closed in the late 1930s. At the time of closure the school had about 26 pupils and the headmaster was a Mr Girling. During WWII we think the buildings were used to provide accommodation for radar boffins from TRE. Later in the 1950s or 1960s the former school buildings were demolished to make way for Southlea car park and the Automatic Telephone Exchange, which replaced the manual exchange in Church Street.
An advertisement for the school appeared in Stevens' Directory and Gazetteer of 1901.
Advertisement for Southlea in 1901
The text of the advertisement reads:
In the bottom left corner of the drawing of the school is the signature 'Ed J Burrow'. This is followed by the initials 'del' which simply means he was the person who drew the picture. We think it quite likely this was Edward John Burrow, who ran a publishing enterprise in Cheltenham and was the nephew of the proprietor of the Malvern Advertiser newspaper, from 1867 to 1900, John Sloggett Jenkins.
The Southlea Charity
On 6th July 1883 Edward Roger Cooper Hays, who founded the school, by deed gave £160 Midland Railway 2½ per cent. stock, the annual dividends, amounting to £4, to be applied towards the education at the Lyttelton Grammar School of a boy chosen from Mill Lane (now called Malvern Parish in Manby Road), Wyche or St Ann's National schools, under the title of the Southlea Charity - ref: 'Parishes: Great Malvern with Newland', A History of the County of Worcester: volume 4 (1924). These were all church schools.
Despite Lyttelton Grammar School closing about 1946, the Southlea Charity remained in existence until 1981 when a letter from the Charity Commission to the County Education Officer, dated 11th March 1981, confirmed that The Southlea Charity would be merged with the Blanchard Scholarship (created 25th July 1891) to form the Southlea and Blanchard Charity, under the trustee-ship of Dyson Perrins Church of England School.
Aim - to promote the education, including social and physical training, of boys attending the said school and in need of financial assistance.
(We have not been able to identify St Ann's school - do you know where it was?)
We are very fortunate to have been sent some photos of Southlea by Peter Gibbs whose father Jeffrey was at Southlea school circa 1917 - 1919 (ref 22).
Jeffrey's Aunt Mildred Mary nee Gibbs was the wife of the headmaster, and his Aunt Florence Beatrice Gibbs was the matron and music teacher.
Mildred Mary Gibbs had married schoolmaster Hugh Edmund Wood, the son of a clergyman at Newport in 1908. It was her second marriage, her first husband Percival St Clair Williams having died of Tuberculosis only two years after their wedding. The census records Mildred and Hugh at Southlea in 1911 and trade directories put them at the school until 1928.
The photo below shows the headmaster Hugh Edmund Wood (centre) with staff and pupils.
Southlea staff and pupils circa 1917 - source: Peter Gibbs
The photo opposite shows Mildred, the wife of the headmaster, with two pupils.
Mildred looks very happy in the photograph but sadly her brother Private Horace Boddington Gibbs of the Canadian infantry had been killed in action on or about the 27th September 1916 aged 32 years. You can read more about Horace on the Malvern Remembers website.
Jeffrey Gibbs (1907 - 1971) was in the Southlea cricket team pictured below (left, front row)
Southlea cricket team circa 1917 - source: Peter Gibbs
Jeffrey had been awarded a certificate for the 100yds on school sports day instead of a cup.
The certificate reads:
Other group photos relating to Jeffrey Gibbs' time at Southlea are shown below. Please click the picture to obtain a larger image and do let us know if you think you can put a name to any pupil in the photographs.
Southlea pupils about 1917 (Gibbs family album)
Southlea pupils about 1918 (Gibbs family album)
Southlea pupils about 1919 (Gibbs family album)
Southlea pupils about 1920 (Gibbs family album)
Southlea pupils about 1921 (Gibbs family album)
We think the clergyman in two of the photos above is Rev Frederick Newson, who was Rector of St Mary Guarlford and had recently returned from service as an army chaplain.
Some other past pupils at the school were:-
Captain Robin Tudor Barlow 52 Squadron RAF, who attended the school in 1901, and was killed on 30th July 1918 aged 28 years.
Douglas Phillips-Birt who became a naval architect.
Richard Bennett Spence, son of a doctor, born 1882 Staffordshire. He was educated Southlea, under Rev Samuel Latham, Haileybury and Cambridge and became an army officer. The London Gazette recorded him in 1919 as Major, 96th Berar Infantry, Indian Army; later to be Lieutenant Colonel, OBE.
The famous WWI General Henry Sinclair Horne born 1861 attended Southlea prep school before going on to Harrow. He was sketched circa 1922 by the American painter John Singer Sargent who had also made a charcoal drawing of Lady Beauchamp of Madresfield Court in 1911.
Air Commodore George Philip Chamberlain OBE (1905 - 1995) also attended Southlea School, before going on to Denstone College and the RAF College at Cranwell. During WWII Philip, then a Wing Commander, was given the job of forming the Fighter Interception Unit at RAF Tangmere, where trials were conducted of night fighters equipped with airborne interception radar developed by TRE Malvern. He wrote this touching letter to Mildred Wood on the death of her husband Hugh, former headmaster of Southlea:
Hugh Wood in earlier times with staff and pupils (Gibbs family album)
Another letter written to Mildred Wood was from Edgar Lawday, who we think was a painter and decorator who probably did work for the school (ref 22). Part of the letter reads:
One of the last pupils at Southlea School was local resident Toby Bruce Morgan, who served as a Councillor for many years.
Rear of Southlea circa 1917 - source: Peter Gibbs
After being used to provide accommodation for TRE scientists during WWII, Southlea was demolished in the 1960s to build the Malvern automatic telephone exchange, and Priory Road car park was built on the playing fields.
The telephone exchange buildings which replaced Southlea
Fairfield boys' school was established by the Rev JDC Williams about 1884 in premises especially built for the school on Worcester Road in Malvern Link. In 1902 the headmaster was probably Edward Capel Smith who was listed in the 1902 National Telephone Company directory. In 1938 the building was sold to the Birmingham Hospital Saturday Fund and renamed the Hugh Sumner convalescent home for children from Birmingham hospitals. In 1965 it became a home for the deaf.
Kelly's Trade Directory of 1940 lists St Cuthbert's prep school for boys, (Christopher Watson BA and Rev BT Vaughan Johnson principals); the school was in a large three storey villa on the Worcester Road in Malvern Link.
Among former pupils were said to be Stuart Dyson Perrins, Admiral of the fleet Sir John Cunningham (1885 - 1962), General Sir Alan Gordon Cunningham (1887 - 1983) and Flag Captain Charles Henry Lawrence Woodhouse who was Captain of HMS Ajax at the Battle of the River Plate.
In 1873 St Cuthbert's had been a school for ladies run by Miss L Finigan (ref 28). The boys' school is said to have been started by John Healey about 1904 (ref 30).
Caroline Cooper moved her 'school for young ladies' from Elmsdale in Abbey Road to Holly Mount Mansion above the Worcester Road in the 1860s. The Mansion had been put up for sale in 1863 following the death of its owner, widow Harriet Woodyatt.
By 1871, Holly Mount had changed hands again and Trade directories of 1872 and 1873 record Henry Wilson BA (classics) St Catherine's Cambridge running a boarding school for young gentlemen. According to Daphne Drake (ref 5) he had taken over the coaching business of WHK Kingston, author of 'Peter the Whaler', moving to Holly Mount in 1868.
The 1871 census recorded Henry Wilson BA born 1831 Crowthorne, Yorkshire living at Holly Mount with his wife Sarah, son Henry Inchcape; an assistant master Robert H Dockray, a nurse, cook, two house-maids, kitchen-maid and a page; plus seventeen pupils aged between 9 and 16 years.
Henry Wilson was the eldest son of Thomas Wilson BA Catherine Hall Cambridge who in 1851 was auditor and comptroller of the Aire and Calder Navigation Company. In 1863 at Finchley Henry had married Sarah Susannah Mary Bullivant Custard whose parents had run a school near Yeovil. They had two children Henry Inchbald Wilson (1865 - 1932) and Edith Vaux Wilson.
By 1881 Henry Wilson had moved from Holly Mount to the larger Link School (see below).
About 1904 Henry Wilson edited a publication - The parish registers of Farnborough in the county of Kent, from 1338 to 1812. His death not many years after was reported in the Times on 12th Jan 1907:
Henry's son solicitor Harold Inchbald Wilson (1865 - 1932) CBE, OBE, worked for the Ministry of Munitions during WWI.
Very sadly Henry's only grandson Neville Inchbald Wilson (1892 - 1918) educated at Malvern College, Lieutenant 3rd Battalion Royal Welsh Fusiliers, MC, was killed in action on 6th April aged only 25 years.
The London Gazette reported the award of his Military Cross on 22nd April 1918:
The 1881 census recorded Henry Wilson at Malvern Link School. According to Daphne Drake (ref 5) Henry Wilson had purchased the grandiose Station Hotel in Malvern Link in 1873 and converted it into a boys' preparatory school, often referred to as 'The School' or 'Link School'.
No trace exists now of the school which closed in 1965 and was demolished in 1968 to build the flats known as Aspen Court.
In 1881 living at the school were Henry Wilson, Schoolmaster, MA Cambridge, his wife Sarah, and daughter Edith aged 9 years; William W Hickins, assistant master; Thomas J Ogden, assistant master BA Canterbury; 14 pupils aged between 12 and 16 years; a cook and 3 house-maids.
By 1891 the school's complement was much increased and unmarried schoolmaster William Douglas had taken over. The census records:
The School, Somers Road Malvern Link. In residence, William Douglas schoolmaster; Ellen, sister; three schoolmasters, Thomas James Ogden, Edward A Makin, and Gilbert Heaton; 55 pupils; boot-boy, matron under-matron, cook, 4 house-maids and a kitchen-maid.
In 1911 William Douglas was still at the school and had married. The census listed in residence:
William Douglas, schoolmaster, his wife Martha and three daughters; his brother Edward, a schoolmaster and three other masters, Cecil Spencer, Richard Fenn, and Duncan Felton; 36 pupils; a matron, nurse, cook, kitchen-maid, house parlour maid, 4 house-maids, and boot and garden boy.
A former pupil of note was soldier Field Marshall John Vereker, 6th Viscount Gort VC (1886 - 1946).
Brian Iles relates that the school was badly damaged by a fire in 1925 and was bombed by the Luftwaffe during WWII.
William Douglas was still at the Link school in 1924 in partnership with Harold Paulley MA the son of surgeon Job Nathaniel Legg Paulley (1856 - 1943).
In 1915, Harold Paulley had married William's niece Margaret Elspeth Douglas. Their son Harold Noel Paulley born in 1924 was to serve as an officer in the Royal Navy and married a Malvern girl at Singapore in 1949.
By 1932, Harold Paulley senior seems to have taken over the Link school. Kelly's Trade Directory of 1940 listed the headmaster as H Paulley MA, The School, Osborne Road, and Somers Road, Malvern Link. Headmaster Harold Paulley died in Wales in 1973 aged 83 years.
Surviving in Malvern Museum can be found the Link School's 2nd World War Roll of Honour (see photo opposite, courtesy of Malvern Museum).
The transcription reads:
2nd World War
Roll of Honour
Lieut-Commander AWR Keene
L/A/C RD Burt
Capt WPC Williams MC
Lieut JDL de Wend Fenton
Pilot/Officer GH Seeley
Sergt-Pilot A N Brown
Sergt KWY Fison
Sub-Lieut GR Price
Lieut PV Anthony
2nd Lieut BB Atherton
Lieut HC Lea-Wilson
Lieut CJA Paulley
Capt CW Barneby
Lieut AIB Cumming
Sub-Lieut ACW Porter
F/Officer WC Allies
Capt CP Douglas
Field Marshal the Viscount Lord Gort, VC, GCB, CBE, DSO, MVO, MC
2nd Lieut GBC Harrison
Probably all these men were casualties except Viscount Gort who died of cancer of the liver in 1946. Those names known to us are:
Air gunner Gerald Henry Seeley, whose sister Dorothy Hilda Seeley became headmistress of St Nicholas Girls' School in Cowleigh Road, North Malvern.
Lt Christopher James Archibald Paulley, son of the headmaster of the Link School. The CWGC records that Lt CJA Paulley 176153, 2nd Bn Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers died in Italy on 17th January 1944 aged 23 years. He is buried in Minturno War Cemetery.
David Henry Milward's name is remembered on the memorial to his father Lawrence Sidney Milward, a mathematics teacher of Malvern College who is buried in Guarlford churchyard. David Henry Milward, born Malvern 1907, Corporal 13006110 Royal Engineers, formerly a civil engineer, died on 28th April 1944 and is also remembered on the war memorial in Great Malvern Priory and at the library.
Memories of former pupils
One source told us that in its final years it was not a particularly friendly school. The account of a former pupil recollecting his time at the school in the late 1950s seems to confirm this (ref 19). He recollects:
In the 1950s the Link School was not the only one where pupils were told to eat everything on their plate, fat, grisle and all. Perhaps bullying, but maybe a lingering response to food rationing during WWII. Times are different now!
Jeremy Palmer now living in Barbados sent us this communication:
Outside the Abbey hotel - source: Jeremy Palmer
The photo above shows former pupils of the Link School relaxing on a bench outside the Abbey Hotel, half term circa 1966/67. Jeremy Palmer (left), Michael Barnard (middle) and Jonathan Palmer (right). Mike the younger brother of John Barnard was bright and went to Malvern College.
Adrian Leopard was another former pupil. He recalls (ref 39):
We have not found either an obituary or biography of Ormond Oliver Postgate (1905 - 1989) but he seems to have returned to the UK from teaching in the Middle East about 1945 and lived for some years in Newbury. He is first recorded at The Link School in the 1957 phone book, suggesting that he came to the school circa 1956.
On 8th April 1958 The Times published a letter from Ormond Postgate about education in the Middle East in which he put the need for more British schools for Arab schoolboys to counter 'present problems'. Perhaps like TE Lawrence and Gertrude Bell he had a good understanding of the region and foresaw growing problems which perhaps the politicians at home did not fully understand.
Lawnside (see photo below)
Early history of the school
Lawnside, on the junction of Avenue Road with Albert Road South, opened about 1885, and its first headmistress was Janet Leighton, the daughter of a Scottish Land Agent and Surveyor. She had bought the Ladies School at Malvernbury in Abbey Road circa 1873 following the death of its Principal Caroline Cooper, and moved her school first to a house named Oak Hill at the junction of Albert Road South with Clarence Road (see photo below) and then in 1885 to Lawnside. In 1871 she had been Principal of a Ladies School in Bedford.
If you count the 'baton being passed' by Caroline Cooper it was probably the first boarding school founded for older girls in Great Malvern.
The photo below shows the side of the present house on the site of 'Oak Hill' which was occupied by Janet Leighton's school in 1881, three years before the school moved to Lawnside. The house is larger than it looks in this picture and has a brick extension on the east side.
While at Lawnside, Janet Leighton went into partnership with Florence Kate Firth until 1898 when The London Gazette of July 8th recorded:
Janet Leighton died in London in 1915.
Florence Kate Firth continued as headmistress at Lawnside until 1908 when she retired and the business was jointly taken over by Madame Laura Robinet who retired in 1918 and Miss Gertrude Harman who retired in 1925.
Lawnside school closed in 1994, due to dwindling numbers, when the school merged with St James and The Abbey School (ref 6).
Some of the Lawnside teachers were obviously inspirational as can be seen by various stories told by Angela Huth who was a boarder at Lawnside in the 1950s. The Headmistress was then a Miss Barrows whose father had bought the school for her. Miss Barrows was a friend of Sir Edward Elgar and George Bernard Shaw.
The School buildings have now been developed into residential apartments.
About Edward Chance
In 1881 Lawnside was owned by Edward Chance who was recorded as a master silesia and alkali manufacturer. Earlier in the 1871 Census he was recorded as a glass manufacturer.
He was a son of William Chance who went into the glass manufacturing business with his brother Robert Lucas Chance forming the renowned Midlands glassworks firm Chance Brothers and Company.
The lychgate at Powick church was built 1912 in memory of his cousin Arent de Peyster Chance died 1906, whose mother was the daughter of Arent de Peyster, a soldier who fought for the British during the American War of Independence.
Edward's elder brother James Timmins Chance, 1814 - 1902, became head of Chance Brothers and Company and was created a Baronet in 1900.
Chance Glass Ltd an offshoot of the original company is based in Malvern near the Morgan factory.
The American poet Longfellow visited Lawnside about 1868 and met boys from Southlea School, opposite, where Edward Chance's son Frederick had been a pupil. Sir Frederick William Chance 1852 - 1932 later became MP for Carlisle. Edward Chance seems to have been held in high regard and St Andrew's church at Poolbrook was erected in his memory. St Andrew's was built in 1885 and was dedicated as the Chance Memorial Chapel, as well as a chapel of ease and daughter church of Christchurch.
More about the house and school - The Grove
Lawnside school was closely associated with the 'arts' and the school doctor, Medical practitioner Charles Harry Hanger East was a nephew of the Victorian landscape painter Sir Alfred East, a president of the Royal Academy. Madame Laura Robinet, who was a principal of the school in 1911, was the wife of French painter Paul Robinet.
The Grove, a Gothic revival house just yards away across the road, became part of Lawnside School for sixty plus years (see photos below).
The Grove was designed and built by Edmund Wallace Elmslie, a London architect, for himself in 1867; he was also the architect for Great Malvern railway station, the Avenue Road bridge over the railway, and the Imperial Hotel built in 1862 which was bought by Malvern Girls College in 1919.
A map of Malvern dated 1881 shows that the Grove used to be named St Munghos. Elmslie sold the Grove (St Munghos) to Dr. Archibald Weir who is also mentioned on our page about Elmslie. His son, soldier General Sir George Alexander Weir KCB born 1876, may have attended Southlea preparatory school next door. His elder son Archibald Munday Weir became a medical practitioner in Malvern Link.
Dr Weir added a billiards room to the Grove. The house was sold about 1921 to become part of the Lawnside Girls' School, and the billiards room became a concert hall where Sir Edward Elgar and Sir George Bernard Shaw were regular visitors.
The photo below shows the Grove in 2015 after renovation. It is now named Elmslie House.
The plaque at the entrance to Lawnside records that the poet Lord Tennyson (1809-1892) visited the school. Possibly it was no coincidence that his first cousin, once removed, Edmund Charles Tennyson D'Eyncourt married Charlotte Ruth Godson daughter of Barrister, Freemason and MP for Kidderminster Sir Augustus Frederick Godson, who lived at a mansion named Ashfield, near the junction of College Road with Abbey Road, Great Malvern.
Lawnside school closed about 1994 and the property lay empty for a long while before being converted into residential apartments.
Not far from Lawnside in Albert Road North was another school for girls at 'The Mount' run by Rosa Campbell Burley who was born Dartford about 1865. It was the school chosen by the composer Edward Elgar for his daughter Clarice Irene Elgar.
Pevsner described the house as Italianate with raised pedimented centre (ref 18).
Isabel Greenslade, the daughter of a draper, born at Bristol in 1862, founded the school which would become Malvern Girls' College, now Malvern St James, with her business partner Miss Lily Poulton.
The first lessons were held about 1893 at Ivydene a 'brick built' house in College Road opposite Malvern Boys' College occupied by architect William Ford Poulton, his wife (a retired teacher) and their daughter Lily.
Ivydene, College Road, built 1886
About 1899 Greenslade and Poulton bought Mrs Norton's school at 'Montpellier' in Albert Road North, opposite The Mount, and the house was renamed 'Ivydene Hall'.
An extra story was built to accommodate the growing number of pupils, and a large hall added at the side providing a gymnasium and studio (demolished in 2014).
About 1907 'The Mount' across the road was added to the school's property portfolio.
By 1911 the expanded establishment was called 'The College for Girls' and the joint Principals were Isabel Greenslade, Lily Poulton and Blanche Eleanor Mitchell.
Between 1910 and 1913 the school also rented a large house named Stoberry in Albert Road South at the junction with Clarence Road (see photo opposite).
Further properties were acquired over time. Kelly's Trade Directory of 1916 listed four Principals, the Misses Greenslade, Poulton, Mitchell and Dawson; Malvern Girls' College; with properties in Albert Road, Avenue Road, and Tibberton Road.
In 1919 the school took the giant leap of moving to the Imperial Hotel opposite Great Malvern railway station, now the home of the well known private school Malvern St James.
By 2015, Ivydene in Albert Road, where the college started, had fallen into a poor state of repair and was being renovated by Court Property Developers Ltd with the intention to convert the building into 14 apartments and build a 2 storey home at the rear (see photo below).
Pevsner mentions in a footnote that Malvern Girls' College colonised the roughcast Ivydene, giving it half timbered gables 1903 (ref 18).
Next door to Ivydene on the corner of Albert Road North and Church Street is a house named Summerside which was acquired about 1903 and connected to Ivydene by a covered gallery; Summerside was also known as School House.
Pevsner described Summerside (pictured above, awaiting renovation) as by A C Baker 1884 with a pyramid roofed tower with triangular oriel.
The house may have been built earlier or perhaps there was another house named Summerside as there are references to a 'Summerside' in the London Gazette of 1865 and Census of 1871:
In 1865 the London Gazette recorded the bankruptcy of John Jones a lodging house keeper and retailer of beer and wine of Summerside House, Bedford House and Refreshment Rooms, Great Malvern.
While the 1871 census recorded Isaac Hollis living at Summerside (lodging house) with his much younger second wife Catherine. The business Isaac Hollis and Sons was a Birmingham based gun manufacturer, and Isaac died at Malvern in 1875.
Miss Greenslade who founded Ivydene which became the Girls' College retired to live at Abbotsmead in Avenue Road and died in 1940.
Picture above: line drawing of Abbotsmead
For a much fuller account of the school you are referred to Pamela Hurle's excellent book Malvern Girls' College, a Centenary History (ref 3).
Montpellier was a Ladies' School in Albert Road, acquired by Isabel Greenslade in 1899, as mentioned above.
The school seems only to be listed in Kelly's Trade Directory of 1896, the Principal being a Mrs Rosa Norton. However reference 3 refers to an earlier advertisement for the school in an illustrated survey of Malvern in 1894; to quote extracts:
Rosa Norton does not appears in the 1891 and 1901 census of Great Malvern and so we think it likely her school was only in existence from about 1894 to 1899. That also makes it very difficult to identify her family and how she came to acquire the school. However we think it possible she was the Rosa Mary Norton, born London in 1849, who had married in 1876 George Joseph Frederick Norton (1839 - 1914) the son of sugar planter Joseph Norton (1801 - 1881) of British Guiana in South America. In 1881 that Rosa is Principal of Uplands School in London and her husband is a traveller in the wine and spirits trade. In 1891 the family is living at Langley near Eton and her husband is oddly described as a mushroom grower. Rosa died at London in 1900 and so, if she was the lady who started the school at Montpellier, possibly it was ill health that forced her to pass the school on to Isabel Greenslade.
Rosa was the daughter of draper and silk broker William and Mary Ann Bemand. When her mother died in 1858 her maternal grandfather silversmith James Killick was appointed her guardian. Rosa first married in 1869 Robert Thackery Reilly but in 1870 her husband died in Dublin and their son was stillborn.
Rosa and George Norton had three children. Daisy the eldest born in 1877 married bank clerk George Herbert Wheeler and they also had three children. Rosa's son Cuthbert Hugh Norton born 1879 became a civil servant and travelled widely overseas. He became District Commissioner to British Guiana, where his grandfather had been a sugar planter, and was awarded the OBE in 1938. Youngest daughter Gladys Amy born 1888 did not marry. She was baptised at Christ Church, Erith in Kent; the family was then living at Ellicombe, in Bexley Road, Erith where her father was recorded as a wine merchant. We get the impression for one reason or another the family did not stay in one place long.
The 1927 Ordnance Survey map of Great Malvern (East) shows a large house and grounds in Albert Road midway between Malvern College and the railway line. In 1911 this was the home of Colonel Thomas Heywood JP. After his death in 1915 Hatley St George became a Junior House of Malvern Girls' College and in 1918 Miss Dawson may have been the Head.
Miss Kate Dawson was the fourth joint Principal of Malvern Girls' College, in its formative years, from 1912 to 1928. She was educated at York High School, the University College of North Wales Bangor, and Royal Holloway College at Egham in Surrey. She received her BA in 1894, possibly being amongst the first group of women in the country to be awarded a degree.
In the mid 1800s the mansion had been known as Oak Hall, not to be confused with Oak Lodge further down Albert Road. Circa 1890 Oak Hall was renamed Hatley St George after an ancestor of Thomas Heywood's second wife, Sophie Grace St George.
Hatley St George, south front, courtesy of Malvern St James
The next photo, showing one of the classrooms, suggests there may have been up to 20 pupils in a class.
Hatley St George, a classroom, courtesy of Malvern St James
The dining hall, see below, was probably very similar to that of many other private schools before the Second World War.
Hatley St George dining hall, courtesy of Malvern St James
Hatley St George Assemby Hall, courtesy of Malvern St James
The assembly hall was in a separate prefabricated building and looks very similar to the one that was installed at Ellerslie.
Ruby Helena Margetts, the daughter of a butcher, taught music at the school and possibly also at Abbotshill and The Priory. She was born at Chipping Norton in 1883 and died at Malvern in 1961. In 1901, aged 17 years, she had been at the Beethoven House Music School in Northampton.
Hatley St George was greatly extended by Malvern Girls' College, and a new wing created now named Hatley Court.
When the property became surplus to requirements, Malvern Girl's College sold Hatley St George which, like many other larger properties in Great Malvern, was converted into apartments. After changing hands again, Hatley St George was further being renovated by Developer Steve Hickman in 2017.
Croftdown preparatory school in Abbey Road was founded in 1940 and flourished for many years until its decline in the early 1990s, when it was taken over by Malvern Girls' College, finally being closed in August 1997, because of falling rolls. The house and grounds have now been developed, with the original school being converted into six luxury apartments plus five new buildings, combining apartments and town houses.
Kelly's Trade Directory of 1950 listed Croftdown, boarding and day school, telephone 183, Principal Miss M Wortley.
A former pupil recalls:
There was a nursery department across the road at Prior's Lea. The Red Door was the entrance to the upper class in the Nursery department. The fire escape doubled as an exit for classrooms on the front upstairs. The 'Tinies' were at the back of the house with safe entry onto the garden at the rear. In the 1970s the school was run by a Board of Governors with Mrs Portway-Fletcher as Headmistress.
Prior's Lea, nursery department of Croftdown
The building of Priory Park Mansion, the present Council House (see photo below) began in 1874 for merchant Alfred Miles Speer. Following his death in 1894 the property was let to Ebenezer Lloyd-Jones (1836 - 1922) who in the 1901 census is recorded as having a school at The Priory. In 1911 Ebenezer was granted a 14 year lease for a school for the sons of gentlemen. His son Edward Harold Lloyd-Jones took over as headmaster but died soon after at London in 1912. In 1913 the tenancy passed to Claude Harold Giles BA, and he continued to run the school with Arthur Clement Allen MA, who in 1911 had been the Principal of Cherbourg preparatory school on the Wells Road.
In 1925 when the lease expired, the school left Malvern and moved to Wood Norton Hall near Evesham. The school then became known as the Wood Norton Preparatory School for Boys, telephone Evesham 230. It continued to be run by Claude Harold Giles and Arthur Clement Allen until about 1936.
Wood Norton Hall was occupied by the BBC during WWII and is now a hotel.
Ebenezer Lloyd-Jones of Abbotshill in Abbey Road died in 1922 and is buried in Great Malvern cemetery, where there is also a memorial to his son, a doctor, who was killed in WWI.
Cherbourg (see illustration of east face below taken from Priory Road) is a large house below the Wells Road opposite the turning to the Wyche cutting, possibly built about 1850. It was last used as a boarding house by Ellerslie School for girls, but much earlier there had been a preparatory school for boys. We don't know exactly when the first boys' school moved to Cherbourg but possibly it was as early as 1881. The modern flat roofed building below is Hardwick House on Abbey Road built in the 1960s.
The London Gazette of January 30th 1891 records:
Frederick William Young was a clergyman and the son of a land surveyor. He was born Dorking, Surrey in 1830 and died at Sussex in 1919. He first married Eliza Rumsey in 1855 by whom he had three children. In 1861, Frederick was staying with his brother in law, Henry W Rumsey, a schoolmaster and his father-in-law a retired school master. At that time Frederick was curate of Great Missenden so perhaps it was the influence of his wife's family that caused him to become a schoolmaster. Eliza died in 1864 and Frederick married second, in 1867, Jane Catherine Young by whom he had several children. The 1871 census records Frederick as a clergyman and head of an establishment named Etonhurst, in Upper Chase Road, Barnards Green, Malvern; there are two assistant masters, one of whom is Arthur Vernon Vines aged 25 years, and 17 pupils aged between 9 and 18 years. In recent times, Etonhurst must have been demolished as there is a modern block of flats of that name there now.
By 1881 Frederick is a schoolmaster on the Wells Road, possibly at Cherbourg; there are 3 tutors and 37 pupils. North Leasowes, mentioned above, is a lodging house next door.
Another website records that Ernest Wright Alexander VC (1870 - 1934) had been educated at Cherbourg House, Harrow and Sandhurst; his father Robert was a prominent Liverpool based ship-broker and had been a director of the Suez Canal Company.
In 1891, Rev Frederick William Young and his wife retired to live next door to a girls' school in Eastbourne, where perhaps he became a chaplain; Cherbourg school was then run by Arthur Vernon Vines.
Arthur Vernon Vines, the son of a solicitor, was born at Reading in 1846. In 1861 he had been a pupil at Christ's Hospital, and in 1871 was an assistant master working in Malvern for Rev Frederick William Young.
We don't know where Arthur was in 1881, but on 25th August 1885 at St Lukes, Cheltenham he married Mary Adelaide Green who was born Bengal, India on 9th May 1864. She was the daughter of Major-General Sir George Wade Guy Green KCB, formerly of the Bengal Staff Corps, and Ellen Facey Carter daughter of William Carter of Troy, Jamaica (ref 20). Her grandfather Revd George Wade Green (1785 - 1868) had been vicar of Tytherington in Gloucestershire, between 1817 and 1830 and you can read more about him on the Tytherington Roots website.
In 1891 Arthur Vernon Vines was living at Cherbourg, but there were no pupils or staff; perhaps it was not term time or had something to do with the previous headmaster leaving.
The 1901 census records Arthur as 'Principal of a School' living at the Chestnuts with 7 pupils aged 15 - 18 years and another master. A few doors away at Cherbourg, his brother-in-law Thomas Coates is a married preparatory schoolmaster, with 2 assistant masters, 27 boarders and other staff; possibly Arthur Vernon Vine and younger Thomas Coates became joint Principals at the school.
Thomas Coates, born 27 Sep 1872 in Yorkshire had married on 22nd April 1887 at Christ Church, Cheltenham, Georgina Lilian Green who was born at Bedford on the 19th of April 1870; she was the younger sister of Arthur Vernon Vine's wife Mary. Thomas Coates went on to be a Classics teacher at Bedford School (1907 - 1931). In the 1911 census Thomas is described as an assistant schoolmaster at a secondary school, living at 11 Rothsay Road, Bedford with his wife Georgina, sons Ronald Gordon and Donald Ivor who were born in Malvern, a cook and a housemaid.
By 1911 Arthur Vernon Vines had also left Malvern and was described in the census as a 'retired army coach' living by the sea at Margate. We wondered whether at some time he had specialised in educating boys hoping to gain entrance to the military academies at Sandhurst and Woolwich. He died on 16th October 1915 at Cheltenham leaving no children.
The 1911 census lists the new Principal at Cherbourg as Arthur Clement Allen; Kelly's Trade Directory lists him still at the school in 1917, but by then he was also probably involved with the new Priory School in Priory Park (see above). Arthur Clement Allen born Shropshire 1868 was the third son of William Allen, vicar of Eccleshall. He was educated Oxford obtaining his BA in 1891; he died at Fleet, Hampshire in 1957.
In 1920 and 1923, Kelly's Trade Directories list Miss Lloyd-Jones, the daughter of Ebenezer Lloyd-Jones (first headmaster of the Priory School), having educational establishments at Cherbourg and Abbotshill (see below).
Cherbourg House later became part of Ellerslie School for Girls.
The building still exists but in 2015 was empty awaiting restoration.
The 1891 census records a school for teenage girls at Gratton House, in Orchard Road, which had earlier been the home of water cure doctor James Wilson.
Catherine Marian Horry head of the household is recorded as a school mistress; there are three English teachers (her sisters), a French teacher, a German teacher and 18 boarders aged between 14 and 17 years.
Catherine was the eldest daughter of William Smith Horry a ship-broker of Romford, Essex. We have not found Catherine in the British records after the 1891 census, nor her brother William Smith Horry (junior) who was born 1861 Edmonton, Middlesex. We wondered if he was the William Smith Horry of some note who became chief engineer of the Peoples' Gas Light and Coke Company of Chicago and registered several patents for the production of Calcium Carbide. His work was instrumental in the forming of the Union Carbide Corporation of the USA. On 4th October 1892 at Manhattan NY, William Smith Horry married British born Kate Ellis Williams; we assume the couple mostly lived in the USA.
Trade Directories of 1900 and 1904 record Miss Julia Britten having a Girls' School at Gratton House.
Some time later Gratton House reverted to a private dwelling until it was given to the Malvern UDC about 1937 when the buildings on the site were demolished to create a new Bowling Green on the edge of Priory Park (ref 7); see photo below.
Fonthill College located in Abbey Road was a small boarding school for young ladies aged between about 11 and 17 years; it was in existence from about 1880 to 1912. The property, now named Salisbury, is shown in the photo opposite.
Kelly's Trade Directory of 1876 recorded Fonthill, north of Chatsworth House in Abbey Road as a lodging house run by Ann Grace. Soon after, possibly because of a decline in the water cure, Fonthill became a college for some 20 young ladies. In 1881 the co-proprietors were Miss Ellen Mary Aldis born 1841 Long Melford, Suffolk and Emily Billiter born Clapham about 1847. Ellen Aldis was the daughter of chemist Henry Aldis and Emily was the daughter of corn merchant's clerk Richard Billiter.
One of the governesses at Fonthill College in 1881 was Selinda Geater. Earlier, in 1871 she had been governess to Herrick Augustus and Dorothy Palmer and their four small children. They lived in Cardiff and he was then Captain and Adjutant of the Glamorgan Militia.
In 1889 Rev William James Povey acquired the land on the south side of Fonthill College for the purpose of building the present Baptist Church.
The book 'The Church at the Hay Well', how Baptists came to Malvern, by EKH Jordan, mentions that Fonthill, the property now known as Salisbury in Abbey Road, was considered to be a more eligible site for the new Church, but the committee eventually accepted the recommendation of Malvern Baptist Church to build on the Hay Well Bath site, because no agreement could be reached regarding the Fonthill site - where the girl's school was located.
The census records that by 1891 Ellen Mary Aldis had moved to become a teacher at Mont Cambrai, Jersey, in the Channel Islands while Emily Billiter had moved to join her sisters as School Principals in Clapham. By 1889, Miss Selinda Ellen Geater seems to have stepped up to become the Principal at Fonthill College assisted by her sisters Susan and Lucy.
The Geater sisters, born in Leiston, Suffolk, were the daughters of successful tailor Charles Geater and Fanny Munnings Gooch. We were told their story by a family historian (ref 13) who mentioned that the Berrows Worcester Journal of 3rd August 1889 contained an announcement that Fonthill was to be offered for sale. To quote:
It would seem that the property was either not sold or it was bought by the Geater sisters for they were still there in 1891, but by 1901 Fonthill College had moved to St Chad's in Orchard Road where Selinda Geater was still Principal.
Possibly the move to St Chad's had something to do with the noise and upheaval associated with the construction of the Baptist church next door. Apparently establishing a firm foundation for the church proved to be very difficult and costly because of the springs.
Chadsmore (shown) appears the twin of St Chads, next door
St Chad's had been advertised unfurnished 'To Let' in 1888. It had three large reception rooms and nine bedrooms (The Times, 18 Jan 1888).
Kelly's Trade Directory recorded auctioneer John Chippendale Gibbs in residence in 1888, while the 1891 census recorded Wheatley Robertson and his family in residence; Colonel Wheatley Robertson, retired Madras Staff Corps, was born in India about 1834 and died in Hampshire in 1910. He had been commissioned Ensign, the 5th Madras Native Infantry, in 1852.
The National Probate Calendar records that sadly Selinda's sister Lucy Louisa Geater died at Fonthill College on 10th March 1904 aged only 50 years. Her executor was manufacturer's agent Alfred Geater who we think was her married elder brother, a commercial traveller.
Selinda retired not many years after, about 1906, and moved to live with her sister Susan at a house named 'The Willows' in Blofield which lies between Norwich and Great Yarmouth.
David Green relates:
Susan died in 1926 and Selinda the next year in 1927; the sisters are buried in Blofield churchyard. The simple inscription on their memorial reads (ref 13),
In loving memory of
Born April 16th 1850
Died July 24th 1926
Selinda Ellen Geater
Born October 19th 1857
Died December 1st 1927
In 1911 the Principal at Fonthill College (formerly St Chad's) in Orchard Road was Miss Ada Russell born Ireland about 1873. Kelly's Trade Directories list her as the Principal of Fonthill between 1908 and 1912. Possibly then the lease ran out and the school had to close.
Kelly's Trade Directory of 1924 records Miss Lloyd-Jones at Abbotshill and a Miss Sayle at Cherbourg.
Abbotshill is not shown on the 1884 map of Great Malvern so may have been a later addition at 26 Abbey Road. It was latterly the home of Leontine Elise Lloyd-Jones and her father Ebenezer, retired headmaster of The Priory School, who had died in 1922. Possibly she set up a small school there and employed the younger Miss Sayle at Cherbourg, but we don't know for sure.
Sadly her brother Edward Harold Lloyd-Jones, also briefly headmaster at the Priory School, Great Malvern, had died in London in 1912, leaving a widow and two small children.
Her youngest brother Major Percy Arnold Lloyd-Jones had a distinguished military career in the Royal Army Medical Corps. Sadly he died of wounds on 22nd December 1916 in France. He is remembered on the Great Malvern Priory War Memorial, Malvern Remembers website, and at Great Malvern cemetery.
Miss Lloyd-Jones' eldest brother, Ernest, became a medical practitioner in Cambridge, where she herself died in 1955.
Perhaps having no family to pass her school on to, it is possible Miss Lloyd Jones sold her establishment to the younger Miss Sayle who founded Ellerslie.
The 1871 and 1881 census record that Wellington House, number 43 Abbey Road, was for a time a school for young ladies run by Elizabeth Jay and her business partner Joyce Chapman.
Prior to this, in 1861, Elizabeth Jay and Joyce Chapman were running Oakfields Academy for girls at Droitwich Road, Claines, not far from Malvern Link.
Joyce Chapman was born Croydon about 1823
Elmsdale, erected about 1853, and Hardwicke House, which stood next door, were built for Dr James Loftus Marsden to accommodate water cure patients.
James Loftus Marsden seems to have been away abroad a lot, and we are beginning to wonder how successful his water cure business was, for as early as 1857 Elmsdale was occupied by Miss Caroline Cooper who ran a Ladies' School in Abbey Road, where she is recorded in the 1861 census.
Towards the end of the 1860s Trade Directories suggest the school briefly moved to Holly Mount mansion above the Worcester Road, before moving to another large house named Malvernbury, two doors along from Elmsdale in Abbey Road.
Holly Mount, which had bowed windows providing fine views over the Severn plain, had earlier been rented to the Duchess of Kent and Princes Victoria for 6 weeks when they visited Great Malvern in 1830.
The 1871 census records Caroline Cooper's school at 'The Bury' or 'Malvernbury' as it was later known. The head teacher in charge on census day was Julia Marten Duplock who in 1861 had been a governess at the school, along with her two sisters Matilda Marten Duplock and Eliza Marten Duplock. On census day Caroline Cooper herself, born Reading about 1822, was a visitor in Somerset, describing herself as Principal of a 1st class school. Also at Malvernbury was Caroline's niece Sarah aged 21 years described as a governess.
Littlebury's Trade Directory of 1873 records Miss Cooper as Principal of a Ladies School at Malvernbury in Abbey Road, where she died on 15th January 1873 (ref 17). The school continued for a short while under the management of the niece Sarah HP Cooper and Julia Duplock until it was bought by Janet Leighton who moved the school to Lawnside. Julia Duplock, formerly of Malvern, died at Petersfield in 1875 aged only 42 years. Sarah Cooper left the school and became a teacher, living to a good age.
Photo above: 'Elmsdale' in Abbey Road
Unfortunately we do not have a photograph of Malvernbury as it was rebuilt and the present house is now screened by trees and houses.
Rachel Rose Gilbert
We don't know why Caroline Cooper left Elmsdale in the late 1860s, but the 1871 census and Littlebury's Directory and Gazetteer of 1873 record that the house then became another school known as 'The Ladies College' run by Mrs Rachel Rose Gilbert. This school was also listed in the publication 'Schools for Girls and Colleges for Women. A Handbook of Female Education, Chiefly Designed for the Use of Persons of the Upper Middle Class' published by Charles Eyre Pascoe in 1879. The Victorians were obviously very class conscious!
Rose the daughter of a teacher and methodist minister had married her brother-in-law schoolmaster George Mowbray Gilbert after her sister Sarah died. In 1851 George Mowbray Gilbert had been running the Goodenough House School (42 boys) at Ealing which had been started by Rev Samuel Goodenough (1743 - 1827) later Bishop of Carlisle. Former pupils of Goodenough House included the prime minister Henry Addington, Viscount Sidmouth (1757-1844), the diplomat and collector Thomas Bruce, earl of Elgin (1766-1841), the antiquary Barré Charles Roberts (1789-1810) and the soldier Sir Robert Walpole (1808-76)
In 1861 George and Rose were in Worcester, and in 1871 at Elmsdale in Great Malvern, when she is described as a schoolmistress and he as a fund holder. George died at Elmsdale in 1877, and Rose died there on 5th April 1879, so it would seem the latter school was in existence for no more than ten years. At the time of the 1881 census Elmsdale was uninhabited and presumably advertised to let.
Rose's son Walter Raleigh Gilbert was a gifted cricketer and cousin of the cricketer WG Grace. To avoid a scandal involving petty theft, Walter had to emigrate to Canada. Sadly his youngest son 2nd Lt Archibald Holmes Gilbert, 22 Squadron, Royal Flying Corps, was a casualty of the Great War and died in Belgium on 21st September 1917. He had transferred to the RFC from the Canadian Infantry.
Fanny Elizabeth Ridley
Trade directories indicate that Elmsdale House continued to be used as a private school until at least 1908. In 1888 Fanny E Ridley was the Principal of the school, but it had changed from being a ladies' school to being a preparatory boarding school for young boys.
Fanny Ridley was born in Bridgenorth in 1848 the eldest of seven children of whom three died in childhood. Her parents were seed merchant Edward William Ridley and Elizabeth (Lizette) Lander.
In 1871 Fanny was a governess at a school in Kidderminster run by her Aunt Elizabeth Frances Ridley. Also governesses were Elizabeth's cousins Catherine E Bennett and Dora Townley.
By 1880, following her father's death, Fanny became Principal of a private boarding school for boys at Needwood House in Kidderminster. Needwood House was purchased for Kidderminster Hospital in the 1930s and converted into a nursing home. In 1881 Fanny's Aunt Elizabeth was still the Principal of Broomfield Hall school for girls in Franche Road, Kidderminster. Broomfield Hall, an imposing mansion, was demolished in the 1960s; a small photo can be found on the Kidderminster Civic Society web site.
An 1888 Trade Directory and the 1891 and 1901 census record Fanny as the Principal of a private boarding school for boys at Elmsdale House in Great Malvern. She is last listed in a Trade Directory of 1908 when perhaps she decided to retire on reaching the age of 60 years. The 1911 census records her as a retired boarding house keeper staying at Queensborough Terrace in Paddington; she died at Salisbury in 1926.
We don't know who took over the school from Fanny Ridley, but Pauline Connolly in her book The Water Doctor's Daughters relates an advertisement of 1908:
Ellerslie, at the south end of Abbey Road, became a well known Public School for girls but exists in name only now as a boarding house at Malvern College.
The school was founded as a private boarding school for girls in 1922, or thereabouts, and remained in existence for 70 years before merging with Malvern College in 1992.
The photo below taken in March 2015 shows the empty Victorian building as the adjoining science block (left, out of picture) was being demolished in preparation for building a retirement village on the site. The roof of the lodge adjacent to the entrance can just be seen above the shrubbery.
Ellerslie House, after the school closed
On the wall of the lodge was a green plaque placed by Malvern Civic Society in 1992.
It records that before the school was founded:
Ellerslie was the water cure establishment of Doctors Edward and Walter Johnson.
Here Thomas Attwood the Birmingham political reformer died in 1856
The meaning of the name Ellerslie or Elderslie is obscure, but possibly it refers to 'field of the elder trees'.
Founding of the school
In 1914 men of Great Britain had been called to arms and soldiers were dying in large numbers. There was little demand for large country houses then and between 1914 and 1917 Ellerslie, which had been advertised to let, lay empty.
According to Kelly's Trade Directory of 1917, the first school to be located at Ellerslie was 'North Foreland Ladies School' whose principal, Miss Wolseley Lewis, had started her school in 1909 at North Foreland, a chalky outcrop near Broadstairs. Presumably the school had been evacuated because of the First World War, as afterwards North Foreland Ladies School returned to Kent.
In 1924 Kelly's Trade Directory recorded another private boarding school for girls at Ellerslie, telephone 201; Ellerslie Lodge was then the school sanatorium. The Principal was Miss Gladys Mabel Pearson Sayle, daughter of an export merchant, born London about 1889. Miss Sayle, who founded the school about 1922, remained Principal until 1957.
A directory of 1964 records that Miss MD Prior, BA Oxon Hons, Geography, was the next headmistress.
The school had a Christian ethos. Kelly's Trade Directory of 1950 recorded that Revd Canon William Norman Willson was a chaplain to the school. He lived nearby at Beverston on the Wells Road and died in 1956; born 1872, he was educated at Emmanuel College, Cambridge, and was made a Canon of Salisbury in 1930. A former pupil told us that the chaplain occupied Ellerslie Lodge in the 1960s.
In the 1970s a new science block with study bedrooms above was built on the south side of Ellerslie, which was opened by the education minister, Margaret Thatcher MP, later to become Prime Minister. A stone plaque marked the event. That may have been on 19th March 1971 when Margaret Thatcher gave a short address on the occasion of Ellerslie School's Golden Jubilee, which was reported the next day in the Worcester Evening News.
Previously pupils had attended science lessons at Malvern College, and in earlier days there had been a chemistry laboratory in the grounds.
The diagram below, based on the recollections of a former pupil, shows the relative position of the buildings on the main Ellerslie site. In the 1960s the art studio was in an adjacent house named Cherbourg.
Plan of the Ellerslie site
The photo below shows a line drawing of the north face of Ellerslie made in 2015 when the house was empty awaiting redevelopment.
Ellerslie from the Wells Road
Below the boundary wall there was an assembly hall/chapel which was demolished after the site was sold.
We have not, as yet, found a history published of the school but this advertisement circa 1955 described it thus:
In the 1960s the school occupied four Victorian houses: Ellerslie, Cherbourg, Southlands, and Hampton House across the road.
The illustration below shows the rear of the houses known as Cherbourg and Southlands.
Cherbourg and Southlands
Southlands on the Wells Rd, which is next to Emmanuel Chapel on the turning to the Wyche, provided accommodation for the Upper 4th (13 year olds) and Cherbourg (left of image), accommodation for the Lower 5th (14 year olds).
The two houses were joined together by the school dining room with the music block underneath and overlooking tennis courts below. The views from the dining room windows were said to be 'absolutely spectacular and many wonderful sunsets were seen in the evenings; on bad weather days the houses were often above the clouds'.
Earlier the dining room had been in the basement of Cherbourg.
From about 1925, Hampton House, on the east side of Abbey Road, was the prep department for younger girls, and provided accommodation for domestic staff in the 1960s.
Kelly's Trade Directory of 1958 confirmed Hampton as the preparatory school for Ellerslie.
See photos of Hampton House below, which were kindly provided by a former pupil of Ellerslie. Note the many chimney's, for coal fires, which have since been removed.
Hampton House circa 1965
On the south side of Hampton House there was an open air swimming pool, with changing rooms on the slope above, see photo below.
The pool is said to have been filled with soil, after Ellerslie closed.
Ellerslie swimming pool next to Hampton House, circa 1965
There were also tennis courts below Hampton House and a gymnasium built in the grounds named Margaret Prior Hall, after a former headmistress.
A former Ellerslie pupil recalls:
Due to dwindling numbers, Ellerslie, which had been elevated to the status of a Girls' Public School, and Hillstone Prep School, from Como Road, merged with Malvern College in 1992 and the Ellerslie 'complex' became a co-educational prep department for Malvern College. Ellerslie eventually moved to new buildings in College Road and in 2009 the prep department moved to the Downs School at Colwall which was started by the Cadbury family, who were Quakers.
The land and buildings were then sold to Audley Court Ltd who applied for planning permission to develop the site for a large retirement village, which in 2016 was under construction on the site of Ellerslie, Cherbourg and Southlands. These homes appear to be well built but possibly too expensive for many local people to afford.
Hampton House was sold on to another developer who has converted Hampton into six apartments, renamed Magnolia House, and is building terraced homes and coach houses in the grounds - the development has been named Bellmere Gardens approached by a new access from College Road.
The Bellmere Gardens development at Hampton House
It is believed that, after the sale, a photographic record of the Ellerslie site was made by Malvern Civic Society while the buildings were empty. There were said to have been some fine fireplaces in Ellerslie and Cherbourg which were stolen while the properties were unoccupied. Other photographs dating from 1926 are held by Malvern College and we hope to add some of those to the website shortly.
Click to read our biography of Gladys Sayle, founder of Ellerslie school.
The Abbey (now the site of the Abbey International Language School) moved from Malvern Link to Malvern Wells about 1907. It closed in 1979 and merged with St James in West Malvern in 1979. Then St James and the Abbey closed and merged with Malvern Girls College, which occupies the site of the old Imperial Hotel, to form Malvern St James. The site of St James and the Abbey in West Malvern has become the Elim (Pentecostal) International Centre, an evangelical church movement.
In 1940, Kelly's lists the headmistress as Miss A Judson, and in 1950, Miss A F Evershed. We have been told the uniform was grey coats and boaters or grey felt hats; the hat bands were possibly red and white.
Kelly's directory of 1940 lists Thorn Bank School for Girls in Malvern Wells, Miss H M Rogers, head mistress. The school is again listed in 1950, but it is believed to have closed soon after due to financial difficulties. Thorn Bank is a large white house on the eastern slope of the Malvern Hills which still exists today.
Daphne who attended the school in 1947 said that she shared a room with two princesses called Alum and Frikata from Ethiopia. 'We wore purple coats, grey tweed tunics, grey stockings and black hats'.
If you can tell us more about the school, please get in touch.
Seaford Court school was founded in 1901 in Littlehampton by Mr AC Clarke. In 1940 the school was evacuated to Malvern Link and in 1980 the school merged with 'The Elms' in Colwall. The old Seaford Court building was demolished and replaced by the new Malvern Community Hospital.
Hillside next door to Seaford Court on the Worcester road was a very large prep school. It had about 400 pupils and closed in 1991. It was latterly run by the Quibble-Smith family (ref 5).
Littlebury's Trade directory of 1873 refers to an earlier boarding school of the same name in West Malvern run by (Cambridge educated) Rev Edward Ford MA. The 1881 census recorded in residence, Rev Edward Ford aged 55 years, his wife Marianne and their children; 24 pupils aged between 9 and 14 years; a nurse, cook and 3 housemaids. Next door at Beaulieu were two schoolmasters, two pupils and a page boy/groom. Three of Rev Ford's sons were described as teachers so it was truly a family business. Hillside Preparatory School in West Malvern continued to be listed in Ford family ownership until 1896.
An entry on Wikipedia suggests that Hillside School in West Malvern relocated to the Worcester Road in the 1950s, but it seems more likely these were separate establishments.
Hillstone was a private preparatory school for boys, founded about 1880, located near Great Malvern Library, at the bottom of Como Road. In 1992 the school was acquired by Malvern College, transferring to the old Ellerslie girls' school site in Abbey Road, before becoming part of the Downs School at Colwall.
Kelly's Trade Directory of 1872 lists the building where the school started as a lodging house run by Catherine Smith. By 1880 it had become a private boarding school for boys run by Emily A Chaffer, and her school continued to be listed in Kelly's until 1896. The school was then run by Edith Lord and her sister Ellen who were born at Crewe in Cheshire; the 1911 census also recorded in residence 18 boys aged 5 to 14 years, a cook and 2 housemaids.
Kelly's trade directories records clergyman Rev Alfred Hooper MA (1892 - 1955) as the headmaster from 1921 to 1936. The youngest child of a commercial traveller, he studied at Hatfield College, Durham, becoming priest in 1915. In 1914 he had married music teacher Amy Elizabeth Folliott Blandford.
The Times, 18th May 1937, announced the dedication of a new school chapel:
Only a fortnight later on 5th June 1937 the Times reported Rev Hooper would be resigning as headmaster due to ill health:
Rev Alfred Hooper may have been the clergyman of that name who during the Second World War became an RAF chaplain with the rank of Sqn Ldr.
After retiring from Hillstone, it seems Rev Hooper turned his hand to writing text books and lecturing on mathematics. After the Second World War he travelled to the USA, with his wife and daughter, and a Pennsylvania newspaper reported a lecture he gave in 1947 thus:
He was also the author of 'A Modern Course in Trigonometry'.
Meanwhile, back in Malvern, Kelly's trade directory of 1940 recorded:
Alexander Rudolf Barbour Simpson (1901 - 1977) was the son of a surgeon and the grandson of Sir Alexander Russell Simpson (1835 - 1916) MD, LLD, Emeritus Professor of midwifery and the diseases of women and children at the University of Edinburgh. He was the author of several books such as Asia, 1939; Africa, the Americas, Australia - New Zealand; the British Isles (geography of the world series), 1952; and Europe including the USSR; a slightly odd choice of subject seeing he had taken an engineering degree.
Barbour Simpson was still at Hillstone in the early 1960s, but accounts in newspapers by AN Wilson circa 2011 hint he had to resign after certain allegations were made.
The next headmaster was Christopher Hugh Torrance (1924 - 1996), supported by his wife Eileen. He was the son of engineer, John Rowland Torrance (1862 - 1946) and Gertrude de Winton Herbert Bradley; his grandfather Thomas was an engineer, iron founder and inventor, of the Bitton Foundry near Bristol. The Bitton Foundry was a notable business and you can read more about it on the website of the Bitton Parish History Group.
We know nothing of CH Torrance's education and early life, but he is included in a list of people having diplomatic immunity in South Africa in the 1950s, which suggests he held a government post, possibly concerned with education, in South Africa.
The announcement of CH Torrance's death and funeral in the Times on 13th May 1996 recorded that he had been headmaster of Hillstone School Malvern from 1962 - 1983, a lengthy period of 21 years.
CH Torrance's elder brother Thomas Edward Roland Torrance OBE, MA, CEng, FIMechEE continued the family tradition of working in engineering. He retired with the honorary rank of Major from the Royal Electrical and Mechanical Engineers in 1949, and was awarded the OBE in 1975 for services as Director of the Crane and Deck Machinery Group of Stothert and Pitt Ltd.
The London Gazette recorded on 20th August 1965 that Hillstone School had been put into voluntary liquidation. Whether this was due to Barbour Simpson relinquishing ownership or a dip in pupil numbers we don't know. The Gazette reported:
In 1966 the London Gazette reported a general meeting of Hillstone School would be held to report on how the assets of the school had been disposed.
Presumably the school was purchased as a going concern and continued under new ownership, but we have no knowledge of either how the school changed, what buildings the school eventually acquired, or pupil numbers.
A modern advertisement for Como House, now a B&B, relates that the Hillstone started there, but before it closed, we believe the school also occupied several other properties including Rockburn at the bottom of Como Road; the property on the corner at the top of Como Road may have been the headmaster's house; we wondered if the school also occupied Springfield Lodge in Graham Road, currently being redeveloped and covered by scaffolding, as there is a metal owl on the gate similar to the badge on the school blazer (see photo opposite).
The large apartments to the north of Springfield Lodge, known as Hillstone House, and Hillstone Mews, are post war developments as an aerial view of 1949 shows the land was not built upon at that time.
Rockburn, Como Road, in 2015 (now Charterhouse)
In 1986 the Times reported that a proposed merger between Hillstone and the Downs School Colwall would not go ahead, but on 7th September 1992 the Times contained a lengthy article about Malvern College taking over both Ellerslie girls' school and Hillstone prep. At that time private school were finding it increasingly difficult to find enough fee paying pupils to cover their costs.
Following the merger, the school buildings and land in Como Road were sold for residential development, and blocks of apartments now occupy the site.
On the site of the old Ellerslie girls' school in Abbey Road, Hillstone became a well loved coeducational school for boys and girls aged between 3 and 13 years. The youngest children attended as day pupils at Hampton House where a gymnasium was built in the wooded grounds. Cherbourg and Southlands continued to be boarding houses, with classrooms at Ellerslie, and tennis courts in the grounds below (ref 34).
So it was that Hillstone, one of the oldest and last surviving boys' preparatory schools in Malvern, was acquired by Malvern College in 1992, pupils moving first to Ellerslie and Hampton House in Abbey Road, and finally being absorbed into the Downs School, Colwall in 2009. Roger Gillard, who succeeded CH Torrance as headmaster was one of the last headmasters.
Educated at Wadham College, Oxford, Roger Gillard retired in 1998 after 15 years as Head of Hillstone. He was previously headmaster of Milton Abbey School (1977 - 1983), Master in charge of soccer at Bradfield College (1972 - 1977); assistant member of staff at Malvern College (1962 - 1972) and at King's College, Budo near Kampala (1971 - 1972). In 2009 he opened the new pre prep building at The Downs School, which was named 'Hillstone' after his old school.
The next headmaster was Peter Moody, who was headmaster in 2004.
About 2010, the Ellerslie site was sold to Audley, a property development company that is building a number retirement villages in the UK. The one being built on the site of Ellerslie is known as 'Audley Ellerslie'. Audley Court Ltd is now part of the larger, London based, Moorfield Group. With an ageing population in the UK, the development of property for the elderly seems to have become big business!
Do please let us know if you have either memories or photos of Hillstone School that could be used to improve this account.
In February 2016 a former pupil kindly sent us information about The Hill School, which was a preparatory boarding school for boys. The school was situated above the Worcester Road in Great Malvern, just north of the present TV mast and not far from Brays department store. It was approached by a narrow drive off the Worcester Road.
The building is nowadays divided into apartments (photo C Weaver).
The Lodge Spring, which still flows, is an ornamental fountain on the left hand side of the private drive to Hill House. Cora Weaver and Bruce Osborne relate (ref 24) that the mansion known as Hill House had much earlier been known as 'The Lodge' - Charles Darwin had stayed there in 1849 - and for many years the house was the home of Sir Henry Edward Francis Lambert, Baronet (1822 - 1872) and later his son Henry Foley Lambert Grey. The latter had appended the surname Grey, as the result of an inheritance. Henry Foley Lambert Grey inherited the Foley Estate when his Aunt, Lady Foley, died in 1900; he sold the estate in 1910 but retained The Lodge until his death in 1914. Currently we do not know when the name of the house changed from The Lodge to Hill House, or who owned it between 1914 and the arrival of The Hill School.
The diary of Thomas Steed, who was a young gardener, records that in 1842 James Archibald Campbell, 6th Earl of Inverneill, was living at The Lodge with his young wife and children. James' wife, Jane Augusta Campbell, died in childbirth that year causing him to return to Scotland (ref 16); he married, second, Maria Grace Cameron and went on to have a second family.
Next in residence was Mary Hind, the daughter of a Liverpool merchant, with a sister and two nieces Mary Emma and Eliza Fenton; their father Captain Lewis Fenton, 55th Regiment of Foot, briefly Whig MP for Huddersfield, had died in Huddersfield in 1833 and their mother in 1837. Mary Hind and her nieces moved across the road to Aucott House (see opposite) where she died in 1878. Eliza, the youngest niece, married Major David Mortimer Murray, the son of a clergyman, in 1861, but died childless in 1869. He is buried Barnwood St Lawrence, Gloucester and his epitaph reads:
More about General William Rose Mansfield (1819 - 1876), 1st Baron Sandhurst, Knight Grand Commander of the Order of the Star of India, can be found on Wikipedia.
Sketch of 'The Hill School' from an early prospectus
The principal of the School was Lumley Fitzgerald Lyster MA (1890 - 1958), who was educated at Cambridge University. He was the son of soldier Lt Col Charles Bybie Lyster, once of West Malvern, and the second cousin of Vice Admiral Sir Arthur Lumley St George Lyster, who had a distinguished career in the Royal Navy.
In 1917 Fitzgerald Lyster had married Gladys Faith Friend Forwood, the daughter of a cotton merchant, born in the USA; Fitzgerald then was a Lieutenant in the Army Ordnance Department.
Trade directories suggest 'The Hill School' was in existence from about 1927 to 1957.
Pages from an early prospectus are shown below.
School Motto: Levavi Oculos
I have lifted up mine eyes
Perhaps this was based the psalm which begins 'I will lift up mine eyes unto the hills from whence cometh my help; my help cometh even from the Lord who hath made Heaven and Earth'.
The motto is most apt for a school lying under the Malvern Hills; it unknowingly heralded the coming of radar to Malvern during WWII, which the headmaster must have viewed with considerable interest.
Transcription of page 1
A second page includes the fees. Fees nowadays are proportionately much more expensive, perhaps because a wider range of subjects is taught and the expectation of parents is greater.
Transcription of page 2
A later prospectus dated 1946 repeats much of the information above.
By the end of WWII the fees for boarders had gone up from 35 to 45 guineas per term.
A further page listed parents of 'high' rank from whom references could be obtained.
Former pupil Robert Kerrs sent us his memories of the school, and a school photo (see below) which was probably taken either in 1952 or 1953.
We don't know much about schoolmaster Edward John Ebden, except that he was born in India in 1924, and his father had been an official in the Indian Civil Service.
More photos of pupils and staff of the Hill School, from the 1950s, which are shown below, were sent to us by John Webb; click photos to enlarge.
Hill School group photo circa 1950 or 1951
Staff above all seated left to right: unknown, Miss Porterfield, Mr Lyster (headmaster), Mrs Lyster, unknown, Matron.
Hill School group photo circa 1951 or 1952
Staff all seated above from left to right: unknown but this may have been Mr Fisher, Mrs S M Wilson, Mr Lyster (headmaster) Mrs Lyster, Mr H M F Bode, who used to come part time to teach Latin, Matron.
Hill School group photo circa 1953 or 1954
Photo taken at main entrance of the building. Staff all seated above left to right: Mrs S M Wilson, Mr Peter S Gillott, Mrs Lyster, Mr Lyster (headmaster), Mr Edward John Ebden, Matron, Mr H M F Bode.
Hill School group photo July 1955
The school photo below is annotated July 1955 on the back.
The Hill School, Great Malvern, July 1955
source: J Webb
The names of the staff, all seated, are thought to be, from left to right of image: Mrs S M Wilson, Mr Peter S Gillott, Mrs Lyster, Mr Lyster, Mr Edward John Ebden, Matron, Father Scutt, who came part time to teach Latin.
Former pupil John Webb, recalls:
Ed. That final sentence is good advice, which we should all occasionally remind ourselves of!
Hill School group photo circa 1956 or 1957
Staff all seated above from left to right: Mrs S M Wilson, unknown, Mrs Lyster, Mr Lyster (headmaster), Mr Edward John Ebden, Matron, Father Scutt.
We searched for Father Scutt in Crockfords Clerical Directory. It seems likely he was Rev John Alfred Homer Scutt, the son of a corn merchant, born Scarborough about 1892, who was educated at Cambridge, BA 1913, and at Kelham Theological College, Nottingham, where he later taught. In 1917 he served as a 2nd Lt with the Hampshire Regiment in France; on his medal card are written the initials MC and we wonder if that meant he was a military chaplain. In 1942 he became an RAF chaplain with the equivalent rank of Flt Lt and later Sq Ldr. In 1960, after The Hill closed, he was living at St Michael's Parsonage, Axbridge; he died in 1969.
While searching for information about Father Scutt, we came across the autobiography of former pupil David Evans (ref 25). In his book David vividly describes growing up in Malvern in the 1950s, attending The Hill school, and later Hanley Castle, which was then a grammar school. He relates:
In the school photos Mr Lyster looks to his left and sometimes seems to have his head bandaged; David Evans relates Captain Lyster had been wounded in WWI suffering a skull injury and losing his left ear.
Mr and Mrs Lyster had two sons and a daughter; their grandson Torrens was educated at The Hill.
Recently we have received more memories of The Hill School from Tony Gwynn-Jones, who started at The Hill School before WWII; he describes how the war affected his schooling - click to read Tony Gwynn-Jones' account.
Lumley Fitzgerald Lyster, army officer and Principal of The Hill School Great Malvern, retired in 1957 and died the next year. A touching report about the forthcoming closure of the Hill School appeared in the Malvern Gazette - here is a transcription:
Edward Cedric Hardwicke (1932 - 2011) was to become the actor, loved by many, who played Dr Watson in the Granada TV series 'Sherlock Holmes'.
Hill House, which the school occupied, still exists and, like many other large mansions, is now divided into apartments. It is numbered 59 and lies above the Worcester Road, north of the TV mast, screened by trees.
Trade directories list another school in Graham Road between about 1904 and 1912. This was a school for ladies run by Miss Alice Kate Farmer, born Mauritius about 1866. The 1911 census recorded that Langland House had 23 rooms and that there were 18 pupils in residence aged between 14 and 18 years, 3 adults and 5 servants.
Langland, which stands next to the Buckingham House Dental Practice later became a nursing home, named Fairholme, and is now named Clanmere.
Langland, now Clanmere, 2016
Alice moved across the road to a smaller property, which she renamed Langland after her old school, and became a prominent town councillor.
Douglas House School opened in 1948 in the Old Vicarage, which later became the Osborne Hotel. The Principal was Mrs Owen-Williams; there were then 12 pupils.
By 1950 numbers had grown to 37 and the school moved to 'Prior's Mount' in Priory Road, an imposing Victorian residence, which during WWII had been a mess for officers of HMS Duke.
By 1953, with 80 pupils, the school was recognised by the Ministry of Education, and in 1959 it became a Public School under the Chairmanship of Lady Lechmere.
In 1960 the former Dalvington Hotel in Priory Road was purchased to cater for 36 boarders.
The above information was sourced by Malvern Museum (ref 11) from an article by Mrs Owen-Williams in the 1960 school magazine.
We could not find a house named Dalvington in Priory Road but, if it still exists, it may be the property now known as Dalvey House.
In 1911 Dalvington was a lodging house; one of the people in residence there was Henry Hamilton Dwyer, a medical practitioner, born Dublin about 1857.
'Prior's Mount', 35 Priory Road, lay just below St Edmunds Hall, having a similar facade to Tibbington House.
Visiting in 1905 was Rev Arthur Durrant who was vicar of Leverstock Green, Hemel Hempstead.
After WWII Prior's Mount was occupied by Douglas House School, which was a day school for girls aged between 10 and 18 years.
Douglas House closed in 1970 and was acquired by Malvern College under whose ownership Prior's Mount was demolished in order to build the Lindsay Arts Centre, named after former headmaster (1953-1971) Donald Dunrod Lindsay CBE, who was chairman of the Headmasters' Conference in 1968.
Below is a photo of 'Prior's Mount' taken in the 1940s, a magnificent house set in large grounds, somewhat similar in style to Priory Park Mansion.
Prior's Mount about 1944 source: Anne Pitman
Fairseat was a small preparatory school for boys and girls in Avenue Road run by the Robertson family. The advertisement for the school shown below is thought to date from the 1960s (source: ref 21).
A former pupil relates:
We think the house named Fairseat possibly became a school just before the Second World War. Trade directories suggest Mrs Agnes Marian Foster Cooke nee Mackenzie was in residence at Fairseat between 1916 and 1921. Agnes was the widow of barrister-at-law George Isaac Foster Cooke and their son George Albert Cooke (1865 - 1939) became a clergyman and well known academic at Oxford University.
Next, trade directories of 1924 and 1928 record Josiah Edward Paul (1853 - 1928) in residence at Fairseat (telephone 297). He was educated at Rugby School, had played Rugby Union for England and worked in Madras as an engineer. He retired to Great Malvern with his second wife Helen Mary Harries who died in 1930.
Kelly's trade directory of 1940 records Miss Sylvia Robertson having a kindergarten school at Fairseat. Telephone directories later record Miss Sylvia M Robertson at Fairseat between 1959 and 1963 (telephone 676). In 1957 there is a Mr Robertson at Fairseat and in 1940 and 1957 a Mrs Robertson; so far we have been unable to identify the origins of the family. Between 1969 and 1983 the entry in the phone book changes to Fairseat School (tel 5976) and the change of number may have arisen from the Great Malvern manual telephone exchange being upgraded to an automatic exchange.
St James and the Abbey acquired Fairseat School in 1984 but sold it in 1987 due to dwindling numbers.
In 2009 the Malvern Gazette reported that a former pupil, Stephen Rimmer, who was born and grew up in Malvern, had been appointed Director General for Crime Reduction and Community Safety in the Home Office.
Fairseat, 34 Avenue Road (see photo below) still exists. It seems little changed, but like many other surplus school buildings, has since been converted into apartments.
In the 1860s, Hazel Bank at 179 Worcester Road, Malvern Link, became a school for boys, run by the Rev Allan. It then became a school for girls, and the 1901 census records Hazel Bank as a school for ladies, run by the Misses Judson.
In 1909 Hazel Bank again became a school for boys and the new owners called it Amestrey; the school left Malvern in 1922. You can read a lot more about the history of Amestrey on the Amestrey web site.
William Eric Davis who became Head of BBC Radio Childrens' Hour was a former pupil; to many listeners he was Uncle David Davis. In the 1980s our children once listened to him telling stories at the Lyttleton Rooms. He died in 1996 and his obituary was published in the Independant newspaper. The family lived at The Oaks opposite the Buckingham House dental surgery in Graham Road; his father William Davis once ran a well known fishmongers' shop at the Exchange building on the corner of Graham Road and Church Street.
Mowbray was a boarding school for girls in Victoria Road, opposite the present police station. In 1911 it was run by widow Alice L Garner, aged 52 years. The property then had 24 rooms and about 40 female staff and pupils in residence.
Mowbray in 2017
Later the school acquired Felthorpe next door which had been a day school for boys (see below).
In 1932 Mrs Dalton was the headmistress. Nowadays Mowbray is a care home.
In a 1912 Trade directory there is mention of:-
High School for Boys, EW Harris, Principal, Victoria Road
Ernest William Harris born Canterbury about 1871 is listed in the 1911 census as running 'a private day school for young gents'. The property is recorded as having 12 principal rooms. This was probably the school also known as Felthorpe, now a dwelling situated at 5 Victoria Road, Great Malvern, next to Mowbray.
Felthorpe, 5 Victoria Road in 2017
Earlier EW Harris had trained at the Wesleyan Training College in Horseferry Road, Westminster. It was the first Wesleyan Methodist training college for teachers which had been founded in Westminster, London in 1851 eventually moving to Oxford in 1959; you can read more about that on a web page about Westminster College Oxford.
A former pupil was accountant Richard Hartland Woods, Second Lieutenant, 25th (London Cyclists) Bn attached to 8th Kings Royal Rifle Corps 41st Brigade, 14th Division BEF, who was killed on 4th December 1917, aged 28 years. He was born in 1889, the son of china and glass dealer William Richard Woods of Stafford House, Great Malvern. At the time of his death he was serving as Battalion Signals Officer.
Kelly's Trade Directory of 1876 records a Ladies School at 2 The Birches Malvern Link. It was run by Mrs and Miss Piper who moved their establishment to The Hollies.
The 1881 census records Mrs Ellen Piper as a schoolmistress at the Hollies, Albert Park Estate, Newtown Road.
In 1891 The Hollies is described as on the Worcester Road, and we wondered if either this was the same property or the school had kept its name but moved to a larger house.
The Hollies, Worcester Road, Malvern Link
The 1911 census records Ellen Jane Piper, born Ledbury about 1851 as schoolmistress at the Hollies, assisted by three sisters, Fanny Stella, Isabel Elizabeth and Emma Florence; there are 42 people in the household.
A story about the Haggie family records that in 1901 Irene Haggie was a pupil at 'The Hollies' in Great Malvern, when her family was living at Link End, Guarlford. Sadly her brother George Esmond Haggie was killed in action in Flanders at the age of 27 years on 2 October 1917.
Other pupils at the Hollies circa 1900 included Violet and Winifred Richards. Their brother bank clerk Charles Ainslie Richards attended Malvern Link prep school a little further down the Worcester Road; later Malvern College, and the University of Birmingham. Sadly Charles was another casualty of the Great War.
Private Charles Ainslie Richards, born Hong Kong in 1890, died of wounds at the 3rd Battle of Ypres on 2nd June 1916. He was said to have died nobly at Sanctuary Wood sticking to his post despite heavy odds.
Wells House, in Holywell Road, Malvern Wells, was built as a hotel for visitors coming to Malvern for the water cure, but it soon became a relatively large private preparatory school for boys, run by 'well connected' headmasters.
Littlebury's Trade Directory records Rev William Wilberforce Gedge having an academy at the 'Old Well House' in 1873; and the records of Cambridge Alumni indicate that he was the headmaster between 1870 and 1889.
The next headmaster was Alfred Henry Stable (ref 31), born Wanstead Essex, about 1859, who was the son of a Land Agent. In 1891 Alfred married Ada Louise Huntington who was born in Italy; she was the eldest daughter of Rev Henry John Huntington (1820 - 1887), died at Malaga, whose sons were educated at Malvern College. Ada's eldest brother Rev Henry Edward Huntington (1861 - 1893) became a master at Malvern College and married Francis Ellen Gedge the daughter of the first headmaster at Wells House - sadly their eldest son, Ada's nephew, Ernest Henry Huntington, (1890 - 1916), was a casualty of the Great War; he is recorded in De Ruvigny's Roll of Honour thus:
Ernest's Australian Service Record reveals that he enlisted at Roma, in Queensland on 7th January 1915, using the name George Stapleton, and that he died of meningitis. In his will he left all his property and personal effects to his mother Mrs Kempson of Eastry, Malvern. Ernest is remembered on the Rolls of the Fallen at Great Malvern library and at Great Malvern Priory.
Alfred and Ada Stable were at Wells House until about 1904; sadly Alfred died at Swanage in 1907, at the early age of 47 years.
Their eldest son, Geoffrey Scott Huntington, (1891 - 1966) became a merchant seaman. He was Master of the merchant ship Lahore which was sunk by a German U boat in March 1941. Later he became a Commodore of the P&O line; his last ship was the passenger liner Canton (ref 31).
About 1904, widower Ernest Prescott Frederick, MA Cambridge, became headmaster at Wells House, until his death in 1929. He was the son of George Septimus Frederick, who had been an accountant at HM Treasury, and was related to the Frederick family of Baronets.
About 1940, Alan Francis Darvall (1903 - 1983), MA Canterbury, became the headmaster. He was listed in the telephone directory at Wells House until 1960. He died at Exeter in 1983. His brother Frank Ongley Darvall (1906 - 1987) became a politician and diplomat. Their elder brother Air Vice Marshall Sir Lawrence Darvall (KCB, CB, MC) had a distinguished career in the RAF; he was born on 24 November 1898, the second son of Richard Thomas Darvall of Gordon Lodge, Reading. Lawrence Darvall was educated at Marlborough House, Reading, Dover College, and the Royal Military College at Sandhurst. After service in the Army he transferred to the Royal Air Force in 1921. After various appointments he assumed command of the Joint Services Staff College 1951 - 1953 and at the end of his career became Commandant of the NATO Defense College in Paris 1953 - 1955. He retired in 1958 and died on 17 November 1968. In 1923 he had married Aileen Mary Mahoney, daughter of an Irish JP.
One of the former pupils was John Sims (1898 - 1914), the son of painter Charles Sims and grandson of the Scottish landscape painter John MacWhirter.
Wells House school was located near the Holy Well spring and the composer Edward Elgar, who lived nearby, taught there. The school closed at Christmas 1991.
Cambridge House was a small school for young ladies, in Malvern Wells founded about 1871. The school was started by Mary Frances Fletcher assisted by her sisters. A partner in the early years was Louise D W Wagner. The school continued to be run by the Miss Fletchers until 1904 and the names of some of the former pupils can be found in the 1871, 1881, 1891 and 1901 census.
Cambridge House - photographer unknown
Louise D W Wagner appears only in the 1871 census, and we have not been able to trace her birth or what subsequently became of her. We imagine Louise may have felt outnumbered by the Fletcher sisters and moved on to pastures new.
The 1871 census and Kelly's Trade Directory of 1876 record Miss Mary Frances Fletcher as the Principal of a Ladies Boarding School at Cambridge House, Malvern Wells in the parish of Hanley Castle. She was born London about 1839. The 1881 census records the boarding school next to Rose Lawn when Mary is assisted by her three sisters Jessie Macnaughton, Josephine, and Alice Jean Adams. Their mother Jane was living with them at Cambridge House in 1871; possibly she was the Jean Fletcher whose death was registered in the district of Upton Upon Severn in 1878.
In 1901 local girl Ada Elizabeth George was employed as a housemaid at the school. In 1912 she married domestic groom Henry Norman of Rodmell in Sussex, who sadly was later to perish in the Great War. Henry Norman's name is one of many on the Roll of the Fallen at Great Malvern library.
Cambridge House continued to be listed in trade directories until 1904, when the Fletcher sisters retired to live in Bexhill on Sea. Mary Frances Fletcher died at Bexhill in 1912.
We have discovered that the sisters came from a notable family. Their paternal grandfather Rev Joseph Fletcher (1784- 1843) had been an eminent Minister of the Congregational Church, a theological writer, who was awarded the title Doctor of Divinity by Glasgow University, and is listed in the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography where you can read more about him.
The sisters' father was Joseph's eldest son Robert (1809 - 1892), born Blackburn, who practised as a solicitor in London. Their Aunt Elizabeth (1818 - 1870) married Frederick Green of a 'shipping' family, and they were the parents of the sisters' cousin Sir Frederick Green (1845 - 1927) whose death was reported thus in The Argus Newspaper (Melbourne) on Tuesday 22nd February 1927:
The sisters uncle William Wolf Fletcher (1813 - 1880) became an accountant in London, but it was perhaps their uncle Rev Joseph Fletcher Junior (1816 - 1876) who may have had some influence on their careers. Rev Joseph Fletcher Junior is listed in the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, like his father. He also became a Minister of the Congregational Church and published a book about his father - 'Memoirs of life and Correspondence of the late Rev Joseph Fletcher DD' in 1846.
Rev Joseph Fletcher Junior founded a small prep school for boys at Christchurch near Bournemouth on the south coast; the names of some former pupils can be found in the 1861 and 1871 census.
Very sadly, tragedy struck the school in May 1868, when seven pupils were drowned while bathing at Mudeford, as the result of a freak wave. The accident was reported in local and national newspapers. The Times reported thus on Saturday May 23rd 1868:
Five months later a boating accident, caused by rough weather, was reported in The Salisbury and Winchester Journal and General Advertiser on Saturday 10th October 1868:
These stories are a reminder to respect the power of the sea, and not to ignore its potential danger.
Let us return now to past schools in Malvern Wells.
Kelly's Trade Directory of 1876 listed a Ladies Boarding School run by Miss Martha Smith at The Manse, 183 Malvern Wells. In 1880 this was described as a First Class Ladies' Boarding School.
The Manse was a large house and there is a photo of it in Keith Smith's book Around Malvern (ref 26). He records that prior to 1914 the house had been used as a ladies' school, and is now flats.
The 1881 census recorded that the school was next to Thorn Bank, mentioned above, and that Miss Martha Smith was born Stanton Lacy Shropshire about 1815. She was assisted by her niece Jane Elizabeth Smith born Hopton Castle, Shropshire about 1847, who took over the school when Martha retired.
The 1911 census recorded that The Manse had 20 rooms. Then in residence were Jane Elizabeth Smith, principal; Mary Annette Leake, niece; 4 governesses, Agnes Mary Rosina Lee, Ellen Marie Rive (French), Harriet Groves Rowland and Clara Griesback (German); 10 pupils aged between 15 and 18 years; a parlour-maid, 2 house-maids, a cook and a kitchen maid.
It was most probably a 'finishing' school.
Kelly's Trade Directory of 1912 lists Smith J E ladies' private school, Whitbourne Lodge (see advertisement). Page 28 of the advertisements at the back of the directory contains her advert giving more information.
Schoolmistress Jane Elizabeth Smith of Whitbourne Lodge, Manby Road, Great Malvern, died on 27th May 1917; her niece Mary Annette Leake was an executor.
Trade directories tell us that artists Albert and Mary Stevens retired to Malvern about 1924 where they set up a studio at The Manse in Malvern Wells.
Kelly's Trade Directory of 1936 records St Mary's Ursuline Convent School (Rev Mother Superior), at Stuart Lodge on the Wells Road at Malvern Wells. The house was originally numbered 273, but now has its access from Kings Road where it is numbered 11.
We have found no other reference to the school, so perhaps it was only there for a short time. Possibly its function was superceded by St Mary's Convent a boarding and day school for girls which was in a large mansion at Mount Battenhall in Worcester. The house was built about 1860 and had been used as a convalescent hospital during WWI. St Mary's Convent School opened in 1934 and closed due to financial difficulties in 2014. It was the last independent all girls' school in Worcester.
Kelly's Trade Directory of 1940 lists St Hugh's School, Malvern Wells, Raymond Tootell MA head master. Later the school moved to Carswell Manor, Faringdon. Raymond born 1893 died at Bournemouth in 1957. In 1911 he had been assistant master of Surrey House School in Margate at which his father Percy was the headmaster.
Kelly's Trade Directory of 1940 lists Cleeve Court, a boys' preparatory school, Malvern Wells; Reginald John Halcomb MA, principal. Reginald John Halcomb was born Sheffield 1900, the son of a steel manufacturer, and died at Malvern in 1983.
An advertisement for the school of 1946 reads:
Tom Hawthornwaite remembers that Cleeve Court was at the top of the Hanley straight, on the right, just before the bend. After the school closed it became a hostel then a nursing home and now possibly it is part of the Abbey language school.
Kelly's Trade Directories of 1936 and 1940 list the Queen Anne preparatory school for girls (Miss Dorothy Burgess NFU LLA MRST principal), Pickersleigh Road, Malvern.
The initials are quite interesting. In this case NFU does not stand for National Farmers Union, but a member of the National Froebel Union which espoused the ideas of the German educator Friedrich Froebel who invented the concept of the Kindergarten. LLA stands for Lady Literate in Arts. Such ladies were educated at more than one academy and took an exam at an approved centre such as the University of St Andrews; the scheme was discontinued in the 1930s. MRST stands for Member of the Royal Society of Teachers, which was a national scheme for registering teachers from 1914 to 1948.
Earlier her entry in the Kelly's Trade Directories of 1928 and 1930 read:
Dorothy M Burgess NFU LLA preparatory school, Springville, Albert Park Road, Malvern Link.
St Richard's Roman Catholic preparatory school for boys in Malvern was founded in 1921 by John Richard Keble, an Oxford MA and published poet, and his wife Audrey Light, the daughter of a clergyman, whom John married in 1920.
John Richard Keble was descended from a line of clergymen, and his great grandfather was the brother of high churchman John Keble (1792 - 1866) who founded the Oxford Movement and after whom Keble College, Oxford is named.
St Richard's School opened at Aucott House, 54 Worcester Road, Malvern, with six boys, and moved after ten years to the old presbytery at St Wulstan's, Little Malvern. Trade directories suggest John Richard Keble was the Principal until 1940.
About 1968 the school left Little Malvern and relocated to Hereford.
The modern St Richard's was an Independant, co-educational, day and boarding school, for rising 3 to 13 year olds, of all faiths and beliefs, set in the beautiful Herefordshire countryside. Sadly the school closed due to falling numbers in 2016 and many of the pupils transferred to the Down's School in Colwall.
Trade directories record a ladies' private boarding school, at a house named Lindfield in Avenue Road, between 1900 and 1912. This was run by three sisters, Rosa Caroline, Clara Jane and Marian Lottie Graham. The 1911 census records that the house had 22 rooms and about 30 pupils aged between 10 and 18 years. Their mother Caroline aged 80 years was also in residence.
The 1891 census the records the sisters had earlier run a smaller girls' school in Hornyold Road.
Clarendon girls' school in Cowleigh Road, North Malvern, was founded by Miss Amy Flint about 1898 with help from her younger sisters Annie and Mary.
Amy Flint retired in 1930 when the school had 46 pupils; the school continued to grow in numbers under subsequent owners, occupying more houses, until 1948 when the school left Malvern for larger premises in North Wales (ref 29).
The census recorded at the school in 1901: Amy Flint, aged 31, Principal, Annie Flint, aged 25, governess, Mary Flint, aged 24, governess (music), Ruth Petter, aged 19, pupil governess, Ellen D Fletcher, aged 16, pupil governess, Mary B Prosser, aged 16, pupil governess, plus 21 pupils aged between 10 and 16 years, a cook, housemaid and under housemaid.
Clarendon Senior School House (photographer unknown)
By 1911, Amy's sister Annie Flint had become Assistant Principal but Mary was still a music governess. In addition there was an English governess, a German born German governess, plus 24 pupils, a cook and two housemaids. At that time two of the pupils were born in Australia, one in New Zealand, one in India and one in British Columbia. The school must have been effectively advertised to attract pupils from home and abroad.
The Canadian student was Evelyn Clara Henrietta Gibbs who was born in Victoria, British Columbia in 1896. She was the daughter of Samuel Henry Gibbs who had emigrated from England to Canada in 1886 to farm, as did many others such as Horace Boddington Gibbs (no relation), sadly killed in WWI, whose sister was married to the headmaster of Southlea School.
Coincidentally in 1911 Evelyn's mother and younger sister were lodging a short distance away at 'Southend', in Hornyold Road, which had 18 rooms.
Evelyn's mother Clara Maude Gibbs had been born in Calcutta, India, and Evelyn's sister Miriam Maude Gibbs was born in Cowicham, a region of Vancouver island, Canada.
The boarding house was jointly run by Amy Emily Arch the wife of Austin Sanders Arch, a carpenter and joiner, and his parents.
Madame Giraudeau taught at Clarendon, whose son Charles, a casualty of the Great War, is buried in Great Malvern Cemetery.
Many years later Clarendon, a school founded on Christian principles, merged with Monkton Combe School at Bath and on their website you will find a history of the school which includes a section about Clarendon written by a past headmaster (ref 29).
Click to read more about Amy Flint and her family
We first found St Nicholas school in a Hereford Trade directory of 1941. The school was then in Colwall and the proprietors were Dorothy H Seeley and Janet Duthy. The school occupied Stephen Ballard's house, The Winnings, and a descendant of the Ballard family thinks the school had been evacuated there (ref 38).
An article in the Birmingham Post Friday 21st July 1939 explains the matter, to quote:
With war imminent Broadstairs on the coast opposite Calais would probably have lost pupils if the school had not moved and in any event the government probably instructed people to leave the area. Not far inland from Broadstairs was RAF Manston.
Photo above: The Winnings in 1979, source Jennean Hill. Her mother Margaret Anne Rawlinson attended St Nicholas school in Colwall during WWII (ref 37). Margaret's father Ronald had been a shipping agent who worked for Butterfield and Swire in China before the war. The family returned to England and purchased Rock House and the Holy Well in Malvern Wells. After the war the family emigrated from England to Oregon in the USA, where Margaret's mother had citizenship
Margaret's brother Ronald went to school at Linden Manor, previously named The Lindens, one of a number of houses built on Stephen Ballard's estate approached from a long drive near the Wyche cutting. Click for photo of Linden Manor. We have not found a school named Linden Manor so wonder whether it had been a department of St Nicholas' school; another possibility is that it was part of Wychcrest run by Margaret Yell on the opposite side of the Wyche cutting (see below).
A Malvern resident remembers going to a sleazy nightclub at Linden Manor in the 1960s; in the 1970s the property was occupied by Colony Holidays.
St Nicholas moves from Colwall to North Malvern
After WWII, St Nicholas' School moved to Cowleigh Road, in North Malvern and occupied the buildings released by Clarendon girls' school which had moved to Abergele in 1948.
Tom Hawthornwaite recalls that in 1952 the wife of the vicar of Holy Trinity, Mrs Bamber used to teach there. It was on the Cowleigh Road, just north of the Hornyold Road junction, on the right.
The Malvern Gazette reported that the school closed in 1957.
A former pupil relates her memories of attending St Nicholas Girls' School (ref 32):
Miss Chater, who was mentioned as teaching ballet, also had a Ballet School down behind Warwick House. A former pupil recalls having dancing lessons there, age about 6-8 years old, in the 1950s.
Marjorie Hilda Mary Chater, born in 1906, was the daughter of Thomas Edward Chater, an agent for the Prudential Assurance Company and Violet Hilda Mary Perry, a theatre pianist. Her brother Algernon Sydney John Chater (1908 - 1989) had enjoyed various jobs as an artist, milliner, aircraft designer in the second world war, architect and composer. Kelly's Trade directory of 1936 records them in Broadstairs where she had a dance studio and he was a musical director. The 1960 telephone directory records the Marjorie Chater School of Dancing, 9 Graham Road, Malvern. It seems that while she used her maiden name for professional purposes, she had married twice, first to Ralph Francis Lester Palmer in 1933, and second to Henry Harold Hughes in 1963. Her second husband died at Malvern in 1985, whilst Marjorie herself lived to be 100 and died at Worcester in 2006.
Miss Dorothy Hilda Seeley (1897 - 1970), the headmistress of St Nicholas, was well qualified to run a faith based school in so far as she was the eldest daughter of a clergyman. Her father Rev George Henry Seeley (1865 - 1935) attended St Bees Theological College in 1886; priest 1889; served mostly abroad in the Far East; Chaplain to Bishop of Rangoon 1918 - 1821; Rector of Broome, Worcester 1921 - 1924; he died in 1935 at Wouldham Rectory, near Rochester in Kent.
Dorothy, like her mother Hilda, was born in India. Hilda, latterly a widow, of Rockland 68 Cowleigh Road, Malvern, died at the Rob Roy nursing home in Hornyold Road in 1950.
As early as 1911, Dorothy, her mother, and her brothers were living in Malvern when her brothers were pupils at Hillstone Prep School in Como Road.
In 1917 Dorothy's eldest brother Roger George Seeley (1900 - 1954) signed up as a midshipman in the Royal Navy; he survived both world wars, married and had two children
Dorothy Seeley's brother Gerald Henry Seeley was sadly killed in WWII and his name has recently been added to the War Memorial at Holy Trinity North Malvern. Pilot Officer, Air Gunner, 81416, Gerald Henry Seeley, Royal Air Force Volunteer Reserve, 21 Squadron, died on 23rd July 1941 aged 38 years and is buried in Belgium. He was born on 9th May 1903 at Port Blair, Andaman Islands. He must also have attended the Link School, because his name appears on the Link School Roll of Honour which, following closure of the school, is on a wall in Malvern Museum.
Dorothy's youngest brother Reginald Sidney Kingsley Seeley (1909 - 1957) was born in Herefordshire and became a clergyman like his father. He seems to have spent most of his working life in Canada, where he became Provost of Trinity College Toronto 1945 - 1957.
See photo opposite, courtesy of the Toronto Public Library.
Miss Margaret Mayzod Felton, the deputy headmistress was born in South Wales in 1915, the youngest child of Oliver and Alice. Her father Oliver was recorded in the 1911 census as an accountant in the estate office, Margam Park, Port Talbot.
Her brother Ronald Oliver Felton (1909 - 1982) was a popular author of children's books, such as 'Knight Crusader' published in 1954, under the pen name Ronald Welch; he was headmaster of Okehampton Grammar School in Devon from 1947 to 1964.
After attending Berkhamsted School (1922-28), he had earned a place at Clare College, Cambridge, where he studied history. He then went on to work as an assistant history master at Berkhamsted before moving to Bedford Modern School as a senior teacher in 1933. That same year, Ronald joined the Territorial Army and, during World War II, became a Major and served in Normandy and Germany.
Their brother John Lewis Seeley became an engineer.
In April 1958, after St Nicholas closed and her father died, Margaret married company director David Howard Wood, a widower with three teenage children. Very sadly her husband died after a short illness at Bromsgrove Cottage hospital a few months later. It is thought she later went to live in Devon near her brother.
The Malvern Gazette reported on December 5th 1958:
We came across Wychcrest while researching St Nicholas school in Colwall; a 1941 Herefordshire Trade Directory records:
Yell, Miss Margaret Alice, Wychcrest, Malvern (Worcs)
Margaret Yell was the daughter of Edward Yell who in the 1881 census was recorded as timber merchant employing 15 men.
In 1901 Margaret Yell was a governess in the family of Rev Cecil Blyth, in Suffolk. By 1911, the year her father died, she had a small school at Malvernhurst, in Priory Road, Great Malvern.
Kelly's Trade directory of Herefordshire records that by 1917 Margaret Yell had moved her business to Wychcrest:
Yell, Margaret Alice (Miss), preparatory school, Wychcrest, Upper Colwall
Wychcrest lies on the east side of West Malvern Road near the Wyche cutting. In 1881 it had been the home of solicitor John Samuel Canning who died at Wychcrest in 1908.
An advertisement for the school records:
Margaret Yell's retirement was reported in the Malvern Gazette on Friday March 22nd 1957. Here is a transcript:
We have found no information about Miss Whitmore Harris, but it is of note that she was interned by the Japanese during WWII. Can you tell us more about her?
Wychcrest Preparatory school closed circa 1970 and became a Childrens' Home run by Margaret and Norman Parkins. Soon after Norman died the property was acquired by their accountant who converted it to the Wellingtonia Centre which was a 12 bedroom hotel, restaurant and bar. The property was renamed Wellingtonia because of the superb Wellingtonia fir tree by the house (ref 39). The Wellingtonia Hotel was sold it to a restaurateur in 1988 but, after a year or so, sadly he went bust.
The Wellingtonia Hotel, courtesy of A. Leopard
In 1957, following her retirement, Margaret Yell sailed to Perth to live with her widowed sister Florence and her family. Sadly Florence died the next year.
Schoolteacher Margaret Alice Yell died in Australia in 1965.
Her sister, Florence Beatrice Yell had married Harold Lindley Pilley, the son of an accountant at Dulwich in 1910 and the couple had two daughters. The Great War intervened and sadly Rifleman 15640 Harold Lindley Pilley, 1/18th London Regiment (6th Royal Irish Fusilliers) was killed in action in France on March 23rd 1918. Click to read an account of the fighting about that time
Margaret Yell's youngest brother Basil Aubrey Yell (1890 - 1936) emigrated from England to Australia in 1914, just before the outbreak of war. On 17th December 1917 Basil Aubrey Yell, Private 3665 AIF, enlisted at Charters Tower in Queensland. His enlistment papers indicate he was a Jackaroo and that his application 12 months previously had been turned down due to poor eyesight. He achieved the rank of Acting Lance Corporal and survived the war. He had given his sister Margaret Yell at Wychcrest as next of kin.
The report of Margaret Yell's retirement relates that she had taught the sons of Harry Hammond House, a housemaster at Malver College. Sadly Harry Hammond's youngest son Malcolm was killed in the Great War. De Ruvigny's Roll of Honour records:
The 1911 census recorded Margaret Yell at Malvernhurst in Priory Road, before she moved to Wychcrest in Colwall.
Earlier, we think Malvern College may have used Malvernhurst as a boarding house. In 1895 housemaster Mr Charles Theodore Salisbury is said to have opened no 8 boarding house at Malvernhurst, moving to Malvernbury in 1903 and Radnor House in 1906.
Whitaker's Peerage, 1921, contained the following advertisement for the prep school:
We know nothing of MDR Rom, but he may have been the Maurice DR Rom who married Marjorie Surman (1890 - 1980) at Worcester in 1918. She was the daughter of Worcester surgeon-dentist Robert John Surman.The 1922 phone book confirms MDR Rom running a boys' school at Malvernhurst - can you tell us who he was and what became of him?
Trade directories record Edward Stanley Roberts as the next headmaster from 1924 to 1928, and the phone book records the telephone number of the school as Malvern 344.
We think Edward Stanley Roberts was the son of a draper and outfitter, born at Oswestry in 1890. In 1911 he had been a schoolmaster at St Saviours College, in Sussex - now Ardingly College which had been founded in 1858. Ardingly was one of three schools founded in that area of Sussex by the Rev Nathaniel Woodard (1811-1891) who believed fervently in the importance of religion in education. Rev Woodard seems to have had no money of his own, but had a talent for getting the wealthy to subscribe to his endeavours. Another famous school he founded was Lancing College.
After 1928 it seems Edward Stanley Roberts, went into partnership with John Edward Healey and Christopher Watson who were running a Boys' Preparatory School at St Cuthberts on the Worcester Road. The London Gazette records that Edward left the partnertship in November 1931. We don't know what became of him after that, but just possibly he was the Edward Stanley Roberts who died in Rhodesia in 1964.
By 1930 the school had closed, probably flats, because Malvernhurst was then the residence of Captain and Mrs Lionel Erskine Hall. On 10th July 1930 the Times had reported the engagement of their son Douglas Basil Hall, later Sir Douglas Basil Hall, 14th Baronet, KCMG (1909 – 2004) a British colonial administrator. He served as the last Governor of the British Somaliland Protectorate before its independence.
The Dundee City archives record that a Mrs M M Erskine of Malvernhurst had registered a 12.8 HP Citreon car registration SR7888 on the 13th April 1931. Possibly she was related to the family but, if there were a connection, we have not found it.
Connellan College was shortlived. It was opened in 1888 at Townshend House in College Road by Rev Wiliam Walker (1838 - 1915) who had earlier been headmaster at Hanley Castle Grammar School and then Reading Grammar School. Perhaps this venture was enabled by his wife receiving a sizeable inheritance in 1883 from her cousin Hugh Connellan a shopkeeper of Sligo in Ireland.
It might be thought that this school had good prospects as a potential feeder school for Malvern College next door, but in 1890 the family upped sticks when Rev William Walker became a schoolmaster at a prep school known as Thorp Arch Grange in Yorkshire.
Thorpe Arch Grange school had been started by Richard Hiley circa 1855 who passed the school to his son Rev Richard William Riley in 1861. Rev Riley retired in 1891, and sold the property in 1895, so Rev William Walker may have been the acting headmaster.
In 1891 Connellan College became a small Roman Catholic (Benedictine) monastry until 1918 when the property was acquired by Malvern College. During the period of occupation by the monastry, St Edmund's Romal Catholic church, which opened in 1905, was built next door.
The former Connellan College, previously Townshend House
From 1850 to 1880 Townshend House had been the home of Dr Ralph Barnes Grindrod, one of Great Malvern's water cure doctors, who was also an amateur geologist and a vigorous campaigner for the Temperance movement.
We keep coming across other schools that we have not written about.
In 1900 and 1904 Trade directories there is mention of:-
Government School of Art, Church Street, Cheyne MacKinlay headmaster.
Duncan Cheyne MacKinlay was born in Scotland in 1844 and died in 1932 leaving a widow, Lizzie. In 1901 he had been living in Malvern at a house named Healey, in Barnards Green Road; the census recorded him as an Artist (sealife).
By 1912 he had moved on to Hertfordshire, and by 1927 he was in Yorkshire. He is not listed in the Dictionary of Victorian Painters, and we have not found any example of his work.
The Lansdowne Wesleyan School, run in rooms below the Methodist church in Lansdowne Crescent, (see photo left) opened in 1876 and closed in 1916, when pupils moved to the new Great Malvern School in Pickersleigh Road.
Lord Beauchamp opened a boarding school at the Newland Community to provide a choir for St Leonard's circa 1870 which was finally closed in 1945.
Lyttelton Grammar School was a Church School of about 60 places set up about 1874 to educate the middle classes, such as the sons of tradesmen, and provide a choir for Great Malvern Priory (ref 7). It closed in 1946, because of difficulty meeting new government requirements;
Essentially the school had insufficient funding and was too small.
The Lyttelton School used the old Sunday School rooms which had been built by Lady Apphia Lyttelton in 1817 and were then rebuilt in 1886 (see photo below). After closure, the nearest grammar schools were then in Worcester and at Hanley Castle.
In view of the need to provide more Secondary School places the Church of England had begun fund raising about 1936 to build a larger school in Yates Hayes Road. Building of the school was delayed by lack of funds and WWII. It was at first to be named the Lyttelton School. However, the new school did not open until 1958 when it was called Dyson Perrins after another generous benefactor.
You can read more about philanthropist Charles William Dyson Perrins on our page about Davenham.
According to Littlebury's Directory, the first Guarlford National (church) School opened about 1848 and was expanded in 1867. The school stood next door to the church which had opened in 1844.
The photo below, from the book 'The Guarlford Story', which has a chapter about the village school (ref 8) shows the School and School House.
Many of the children were the sons and daughters of agricultural workers, and attendance dipped during harvest time!
The school closed in 1946 when the last infants transferred to Madresfield. Closure was due to both a drop in numbers and deterioration of the classrooms.
In modern times the school was demolished and replaced by two houses built on the site of the master's house, school and playground. All that apparently remains is the boundary wall of the playground between two properties on the south side of the churchyard.
North Malvern C of E Primary School was the first National School to open in Malvern. It was opened in 1836 and rebuilt in 1838 with the help of a local benefactor called Charles Morris. It had been in need of modernisation for many years when Cowleigh School, built 1885, was burnt down in 1989. Both schools were then replaced by the new Northleigh School in 1991.
Poolbrook state primary school was built in 1977 as an infants school and became a primary school in 1987. There were problems and it closed December 31st 2008.
Schools jointly funded by either the Church of England or RC Church and the state. In some cases benefactors contributed to the cost of new buildings. You will find out more about them if you click on the links to their websites (below).
Malvern Parish, formerly known as Mill Lane National School
Malvern Wells C of E school was once named Warrington C of E school after benefactor, Eliza Warrington; here is a little more about her.
Kelly's directory of 1940 listed Warrington C of E School, Malvern Wells, and we wondered how the name Warrington arose.
About 1885 philanthropist Eliza Warrington who lived nearby, at 'The Belvedere' on the eastern slope of the Malvern Hills, funded a new building for the Malvern Wells Church of England School. Previously school had been held in the village hall.
The inscription above the door of the building reads:
Eliza Warrington also generously gave to the 'Worcester School for the Blind', including land for the present building at Whittington. Nowadays the establishment is named New College Worcester; the main part of the school building is said to be still known as the Warrington wing.
Eliza Warrington is buried at St Mary, Hanley Castle. You can read more about her in a 'A short biography of Eliza Warrington by BW Ferris'; this interesting biography includes pictures of her home.
Great Malvern, Lydes Road, off Pickersleigh Road, opened in 1916.
It took the children from the Wesleyan school in Lansdowne Crescent.
The Grove, Pickersleigh Road
This school opened in 1960 in Pickersleigh Grove, Malvern Link, initially for 5 to 8 year olds. Due to increasing numbers a new school was built in 1966 for 120 infants and 215 juniors.
Somers Park Primary School, Somers Park Avenue in Malvern Link, opened about 1909. It was the first secular primary school in Malvern.
The Chase was the first state secondary school in Malvern and opened in 1953. It became a comprehensive in the 1970s; in 2010 the Chase, with three specialist designations in Technology, Languages and Science, was a co-educational comprehensive day school administered by the Worcestershire Directorate of Children's Services, serving Malvern and the surrounding villages, admitting students aged 11 to 18 (source: The old Chase Technology Centre website).
Under the auspice of the Conservative Government Academy Trust scheme, on 4th October 2011 'The Chase School' became a Company Limited by Guarantee (company number 07800306) receiving its funding direct from central government, rather than through the Local Authority.
Malvern College located in College Road is one of Great Britain's foremost coeducational private schools.
Entrance at School House
The first boys arrived at Malvern College in Radnor Road, now named College Road, Great Malvern, in January 1865.
Proposals for the school had been discussed at a meeting on 22nd August 1862 in Dr Gully's dining room at the Imperial Hotel, with the Bishop of Worcester in the chair. At a further meeting The Malvern Proprietary College Company Ltd had been formed with 500 shares of £40 each. Frederick Lygon MP (later sixth Earl Beauchamp) was elected chairman, and the German water cure doctor Leopold Stummes honorary secretary (ref 15).
To mark the 150th anniversary of the school, a new book has been published:
'A 150th Anniversary Portrait'
By former head of History Roy Allen
ISBN 13 0978-0747813057
This contains an illustrated history of the school which will be of interest to past pupils, teachers and historians alike.
Please click link for more information about the school:
Many pupils now enter the school from The Downs prep school located on the other side of the Malvern Hills at Colwall.
Besides the Downs prep school in Colwall, there is another, perhaps lesser known school, named The Elms, which was founded many years ago. We don't know much about it so please click the link below to contact the school and find out more:
Malvern St James Girls' School
Malvern St James, located in Avenue Road, is one of the foremost private Girls' Schools in the country, taking both boarders and day pupils.
The school has gradually grown from small beginnings in 1893, taking over the Imperial Hotel in 1919, and combining with other schools to become one of the best known girls' schools in the country.
For more information about the school click the link below:
If you are interested in how the school has evolved, click to go to our page about Elizabeth Greenslade and other founders:
A glimpse of the former Imperial Hotel
Madresfield Early Years Centre
Madresfield Early Years Centre is a first class childrens' nursery school located on a working dairy farm in the village of Madresfield near Malvern.
There is now a sister establishment on the edge of Worcester which opened in 2015.
You will find black and white photographs of some of the old school buildings in Keith Smith's book 'Around Malvern' (ref 30) including, Mowbray Collegiate School for girls in Victoria Road, started about 1908 by Mrs Garner; the rear of Wellington House in Abbey Road; Malvernbury in Abbey Road, which originally had 5 storeys; Ellerslie in Abbey Road and its swimming pool; the Imperial Hotel, now Malvern St James; Malvern College and its shop; St Cuthbert's boys' school started by John Healey about 1904; The Link School, built as the Railway Hotel in 1861; The Convent of the Cross, Cowleigh Road circa 1916 now split into flats known as Cowleigh Court; St Edwards Orphanage in West Malvern opened in 1881 and closed in 1944; The Girls' Friendly Society Home in Malvern Wells, now flats; rear of The Abbey School, Malvern Wells; The Manse, Malvern Wells, circa 1916; and the interior of St Richard's School, Little Malvern.
Please email the webmaster either to suggest corrections or tell us more about past Malvern schools and recollections of schooldays.
Last updated 2nd February 2018