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A stroll down Orchard Road Great Malvern

Overview

Orchard Road is a residential area, mostly of Victorian houses, between the south side of Priory Park and Malvern College. A nice area where the sun sets a little earlier due to the shadow of the Malvern Hills, but with easy access to the park, shops and theatre.

This trail is intended to show you a little more of the Victorian architecture of Great Malvern it takes you on a circular walk starting in Southlea car park in Priory Road, along Orchard Road, right, into Priory Road and right again into Abbey Road arriving at the Abbey Gateway and Great Malvern Post Office. Then returning to the car park through the Priory Churchyard and Priory Park to your starting point.

Southlea car park

Southlea car park in Priory Road, Great Malvern

Start

SpringAt the south western corner of Southlea car park cross the road and walk up a small alley into Priory Park. On the left you will pass Spa Cottage; this was once the pump room of a water cure establishment.

The flow of water here is reputed to have been fairly poor, and rusty. Possibly helpful for those suffering from iron deficiency anaemia!


Plaque

A  green plaque on the wall of the cottage reads:-

150th Anniversary of the Water Cure

The Chalybeate Well under this cottage was used by visitors for medicinal purposes in the 18th and 19th centuries

The Malvern Civic Society 1992


Water cure establishmentLooking to your left, largely hidden behind a hedge, you may also glimpse a castellated house named Oakdale which in 1873 had been named Spa Villa. We wondered if this might once have been a water cure establishment associated with the pump room, but have found no evidence of that.

Pevsner describes this as irregular stuccoed Gothic; big canted bay with pointed windows, battlements, and octagonal turret behind.

The house is Grade II listed and thought to date from the early or mid 19th century.


At the top of steps you come into Priory Park by the Swan Pool. Turn left here and continue up the footpath to the north end of Orchard Road. Alternatively you can walk up through the park past the childrens' play area.

Orchard Road

As you turn left into the north end of Orchard road you will see Park View on your right which is now apartments but was once a grand water cure establishment built for Dr James Wilson circa 1848 (ref 1).

Park View

Park View, once Dr Wilson's water cure establishment

Gratton House (extinct)

Opposite, on your left, is the Bowling Green where Dr Wilson's home, Gratton House, once stood.

Great Malvern bowling green

Bowling Green

The doctor died in 1867 and the 1891 census recorded a girls' school at Gratton House run by Catherine Marian Horry (ref 2).

In 1901, Stevens directory records it was a ladies college run by Mrs Pike, the Britten sisters and Mrs J W Garner. Later trade directories record a school run by Julia Britten until 1904 (ref 3).

In 1910 a group of Roman Catholic nuns came to Malvern from Bruges in order to set up a place of retreat for women. The order was the Convent of the Retreat of the Sacred Heart and with the help of St Ursuline's convent they were able to take the lease of Gratton House, where they remained until at least 1914.

This must have seemed a good location, as St Edmunds RC church had been built on the corner of College Road in 1905 and there was a monastic community at Townshend House next door to the church. However perhaps it did not attract women from a wide enough circle as later the Order took additional premises at Harborne Hall in Birmingham.

Then Gratton House then reverted to a private home until it was acquired and demolished by Malvern UDC about 1937.

Orchard Lodge

Next to the bowling green is Orchard Lodge which appears on an 1884 map of Great Malvern.

Orchard Lodge

Orchard Lodge, 16

Stevens directory of 1901 records that Orchard Lodge was a ladies college run by Mrs JW Garner, and it was almost certainly part of the college at Gratton House, next door, mentioned above. In 1911 the house was advertised to let so the school must have closed.

Orchard Lodge was purchased by Malvern Girls' College in 1921, and is now apartments.

Malvern House

Through a gap on the right, you can see the back of Malvern House in Abbey Road which was built in 1859 for Dr James Wilson to accommodate more water cure patients.

The rear of Malvern House

Rear of Malvern House

Orchard Grange

Orchard Grange, on your left,  is a beautiful property now divided into apartments, possibly built circa 1855.

a house in Orchard Road

Orchard Grange, 10

An 1884 map of Malvern shows Lorraine Cottage at this position. In 1901 it was the home of barrister George Somes Layard BA who was the father of anthropologist and psychologist John Willloughby Layard.

Stevens directory of 1911 suggests that the house had strangely been renamed Danby Wiske which had been advertised to let. There is a village of that name in Yorkshire.

Stevens 1940 directory suggests the house had been renamed Windermere.

Click to read Paul Ferris's account on Facebook Malvern History page.

About the houses on the west side

An 1884 map shows only two houses on the west side of Orchard Road - Holmhurst opposite Orchard Lodge, and Huntingdon Villa/Dalvey on the corner at the top of the road. The postal address of the latter is in Priory Road.

Stevens directory of 1901 records only three houses:

Tedstone: occupied by Thomas W Wilden, apartments

St Chad's: Miss May Geater (Fonthill) ladies college.

Holmhurst: Mrs Sarah Perkins and Elizabeth Green

St Chad's, which was advertised for sale in 1888, is remarkably similar to Holmhurst, so possibly the houses were designed and built as a pair.

Chadsmore

Fonthill Ladies' school in Abbey Road had moved to St Chad's in Orchard Road on or before 1901. In 1911 the school was being run by a Miss Russell.

Later, Stevens directory of 1940 records the house had been renamed Chadsmore, occupied by Rev Cecil Edward Robinson MA.

Chadsmore (see photo below) has been described by an estate agent as having 8 bedrooms, and now being divided into 4 apartments.

You can glimpse Holmshurt of similar construction on the right of the picture.

Chadsmore

Chadsmore, 5 Orchard Road

Tedstone

Next to Chadsmore is Tedstone, with a little turret on the SE corner.

Tedstone

Tedstone, 3 Orchard Road

Stevens directory records that in 1911 Tedstone was occupied by Mrs GA Sheppard. In 1940 it was occupied by physician Guy Waterman Elkington MB, BS, MRCS, MRCP who we think may have been the grandson of Brigade Surgeon Arthur Guy Elkington (1832 - 1911). Elkington senior had been present at the Crimean battles of Balacclava and Inkerman.

The house is now divided into two or more properties.

About the houses on the east side

Following Lorraine Cottage mentioned above (now Orchard Grange), Stevens directory of 1901 recorded:

The Palms: which is unoccupied

Willows: Charles Bartter, apartments

Cedar Gardens: William Thomas Acock, florist. It is not clear whether there was a house or just gardens where plants were grown.

The Cedars: Thomas Acock, apartments

(Cleveland on the corner at the top of the road was not mentioned as it has its postal address in Priory Road).

The Palms

The Palms (see photo below) is shown on an 1884 map of Malvern.

 

 

a house in Orchard Road 

The Palms, 8

In 1911 The Palms was occupied by Alfred Shuttleworth who described himself as the Principal of an Art School.

Harry Arbuthnot Ackworth later lived at the house, whose two sons Douglas and John died in the Great War. A manuscript book in Great Malvern library entitled: 'Record of names of Malvern Men who have served in his Majesty's Forces in the war 1914-1918' records:

  • Ackworth, Douglas Harry, of The Palms, Orchard Road. 55th Coake's Rifles, Indian Army, 9 SOII General Staff Egyptian EF, Major, Military Cross, Order of the Nile. Wounded, died of pneumonia.

  • Ackworth, John Arden, of The Palms, Orchard Road. 2nd Lt 1/7 Worcs Reg. Fallen.

They were just two of the 513 casualties of Winchester College.

In Stevens directory of 1940 there is no mention of The Palms, or some other properties such as Prior's Mount in Priory Road, which suggests to us that these may have been used as lodgings for either radar boffins or the military and removed from the list by the censor. Prior's Mount for example was then the Officers' Mess for HMS Duke.

 

Willows and Cedar Gardens

We did not find properties 'Willows' and 'Cedar Gardens'.

The Willows may still exist below the road; if so, it is hidden behind a tall hedge, and approached by a narrow drive next to The Palms. This property could have been divided to form Secret Holt and Jacinth.

A modern brick property named Birchdale now stands on the site Cedar Gardens (no picture).

 

Friends Meeting House

Across the Road, the Quaker Friends Meeting House, near the south end of Orchard Road, is a popular meeting place (see photo below), but note parking is difficult and Orchard Road is a cul-de-sac so, unless you are disabled, it is best to park at Southlea and walk up.

The Friends' Meeting House

Friends Meeting House, 1 Orchard Road

The Friends Meeting House is recorded in Stevens directory of 1940.

 

Huntingdon

The building next to The Friends Meeting House, at the top of Orchard Road, looked as though it was undergoing renovation in 2013. Here is a later and better photograph.

Huntingdon

Huntingdon

The house is marked on an 1884 map of Malvern as Huntingdon Villa - it then appears to be split into two, with the other part known as Dalvey.

Between 1884 and 1888 Kellys Trade Directory records Rev Edward Henry Ball MA, Curate of Great Malvern, in residence at Huntingdon Villa.

Dalvey has an access from Priory Road, and may be the property once known as the Dalvington Hotel. An American short wave magazine listed E Cross secretary of a Radio Society in residence at Dalvington in 1948 suggesting to us that perhaps boffins at TRE might have lodged there during WWII.

In 1960 the Dalvington Hotel was purchased by Douglas House Girls' School to cater for 36 boarders; about ten years later the school merged with Malvern College.

 

The Cedars (extinct)

The tired and plain looking Victorian residence shown below, which no longer exists, had been divided into apartments; it was unoccupied when this photo was taken in 2013 and only a few weeks later the building was demolished to make way for a development by local firm  IE Developments of Hereford.

The old house had four storeys on the eastern side, and was built on a steeply sloping site, so must have had fantastic views. We were told it had been suffering badly from damp and rot, and considered beyond economic repair.

In its place a gated development, named The Revue, was under construction in 2014, incorporating a massive steel frame (see below).

a house in Orchard Road

The Cedars, 2

Councillor and local historian Roger Hall Jones told a meeting of the U3A Discussion Group that The Cedars had been built for water cure doctor Leopold Stummes, and that members of Roger's family had once lived there.

Indeed, in Cross's Historical Handbook to Malvern (ref 4), which was first published in 1865, we found the following:

Dr Stummes, late resident Physician to Dr Wilson's Hydropathic Establishment may be consulted from 10 - 12 o'clock at his private residence, The Cedars.

In 1911, retired granite merchant, William George Freeman, aged 84 years was in residence with his second wife, a daughter, cook and parlourmaid. He died just a few weeks later. The business John Freeman and Co with works at Penryn in Cornwall, started by his father, and continued by his brother, grew into a major concern shipping large quantities of stone for constructional projects both at home and abroad. William was a benefactor of St Mary Immaculate Catholic Church in Falmouth. In 1881 his daughter Amy Mary Freeman (1851 - 1939) married the well known marine painter Charles Napier Hemy (1841 - 1917) by whom she had ten children. Their son Louis Joseph Gilbert Napier Hemy became a Catholic priest, but very sadly died in the influenza epidemic of 1918 aged only 33 year. Four of Charles Napier Hemy's pictures were in the McCulloch Collection of Modern Art.

Another reference to The Cedars can be found in Anthony Cooper's book 'Somehow They Knew', in which the author recalls, as a young Canadian soldier, lodging at The Cedars, in 1942, which was then a guest house. He relates that the establishment was run by a Mrs Beatrice Jones, assisted by a relative named Ruby and her nephew (ref 5).

Anthony Cooper's future wife Tina Shields then worked at TRE and had lodgings at The Mythe on the corner of College Road opposite.

 

The Revue under construction

The photo below shows the construction of the Revue underway in May 2014, on the site of The Cedars.

The Revue under construction

The Revue, part built in May 2014

Sherington House (Cleveland)

The photo below is of the house, south of The Cedars, with pierced barge-boards, which stands on the corner of Orchard Road and Priory Road. It has entrances on both roads, and is numbered 44 Priory Road.

Once a hotel, it is now apartments.

a house in Orchard Road

Sherington House, previously Cleveland

44 Priory Road

The tall building next door at 42 Priory Road named Lansdowne Court, now apartments, was once 'The Vicarage'; see photo below taken on another occasion.

Stevens directory of 1940 listed Rev Hubert Humphrey Middlemore Bartleet MA, vicar of Great Malvern in residence at the Vicarage.

In 1911, Rev Charles Anthony Deane MA, vicar of Malvern and Rural Dean of Powyke had been in residence. 

Cleveland and Vicarage

Sherington House and Lansdowne Court

Once Cleveland and The Vicarage, viewed from College Road

Nowadays both these properties are divided into apartments.


Priory road

Victorian pillar box, Orchard RoadAt the end of Orchard Road, opposite St Edmunds Church Hall, turn right into Priory Road, where you will pass a red Victorian Pillar box, said to date from 1857 or thereabouts.

Not far along, Priory Road  bends to the right joining into Abbey Road.

On the left of this junction there used to be a memorial to Dr James Wilson who led the expansion of the water cure in Victorian times; it was demolished many years ago, but recently a new memorial has been erected by Malvern Civic Society.


Priors Lea

Near the junction, on your right, is a large Victorian Grade II listed property with a castellated porch named Priors Lea.

a house in Priory Road

Priors Lea, 52 Priory road

The house is described on the British Listed Buildings website as:

Early-mid C19. Two storeys in stucco with hipped slate roof. Ends and centre break forward slightly with grooved pilasters with acanthus capitals. Band between storeys. Two windows, moulded surrounds with small cornice. Ground floor rusticated with one window and door and glazed sun porch on cast-iron columns with spandrels. Glazed gabled porch to right and 2 windows in wing of one storey, penticed.

A wrought iron pedestrian gate, left out of picture, incorporating the name 'Wingletang' may relate to the apartment with the red door. Possibly this is named after Wingletang Down on the Isles of Scilly.

Strangely Priors Lea is not shown on the 1884 map of Great Malvern, unless it is the property marked as Abbey Villa a little further along Abbey Road.

Southbury

To your left hidden behind a hedge is another Grade II listed property named Southbury, number 37 Priory Road (no photo). This is described on the British Listed Buildings website as:

Early-mid C19. Two storeys in stucco with hipped slate roof. Ionic pilasters mark the bays of 3 windows, stucco surrounds with aprons, hung sashes with glazing bars. The main elevation to the side has a full-height gable breaking forward with one window over doorway which has cornice on consoles and radiating fanlight to 3-panel door. Two bowed windows to ground floor, hung sashes with glazing bars. Plinth. Three windows to 1st floor, with aprons and band at cills. Lower extension to right

Abbey Road

Malvern House

Many houses in Abbey Road are already described in our page A Stroll Down Abbey Road so we only took a few snaps on our way to the Abbey Gateway.

The photo below shows the front of Malvern House which was built in Jacobean style for Dr James Wilson to accommodate his growing number of water cure patients.

Malvern House

Plaque on Malvern House

 A plaque to the left of the porch, placed by the Malvern Civic Society reads,

Malvern House was built by Dr James Wilson in 1859 and continued in use for water cure patients after his death in 1867


Park View

The photo below shows a glimpse of the front of Park View, next door, which was built as a Hydrotherapy Establishment for Dr James Wilson and completed about 1848.

Beyond can be seen the tower of the Priory Church above a modern brick structure forming an extension to the Abbey Hotel - which we think is slightly out of keeping with its surroundings.

Park View

On the front of Park View, to the right of the porch are two plaques placed by Malvern Civic society.

Wilson memorial plaque, Park View

 

The green plaque reads,

Britain's first purpose-built water cure establishment.

Dr James Wilson practised here 1845 - 1867.


Blue plaque on Park View

The blue plaque below reads,

During the 1930s Evelyn Waugh often stayed here at the former County Hotel.

He would visit the nearby Picture House, Captain Hance's riding academy in Church St and the Lygon family at Madresfield Court


Below is another view of the modern extension to the Abbey Hotel, from the entrance to Park View.

Modern extension to Abbey Hotel

Abbotsfield

On the western side of the road is Abbotsfield which was once the home of water cure doctor James Loftus Marsden.

Abbotsfield

Abbotsfield

The Abbey Hotel

Proceeding ahead, past the right turn into Grange Road you will find the facade of the early Abbey Hotel built about 1849 by the Archer Family.

Abbey Hotel

 The Abbey Hotel

The Abbey Gateway

Approaching the Abbey gateway you may glimpse the Saturday market, as we did.

Abbey Gateway

South side of Abbey Gateway

Malvern Museum and Farmers Market

To the left under the archway is the entrance to Malvern Museum which is run by volunteers and is open from April to October.

Farmers' market

Entrance to Malvern Museum, left of picture

On your right as you pass out of the Abbey Gateway you will see Mac and Jac's Cafe, replacing Pepper and Oz, and before that the butchers Cridland and Walker.

Down narrow steps are the Christadelphian Hall and a bar known as the Malvern Lounge.

In the half timbered building, on the right of the picture above, you will find the local printing firm First Paige at 17 and 19 Abbey Road, who have published some local history guides, including a very interesting booklet about the history of Park View.

Another photo of the Abbey Gateway and Farmer's Market is shown below.

 

Great Malvern farmers' market

North side of Abbey Gateway and Farmers' Market

 

The Priory Steps and Shops

At this point you could walk past the Post Office and turn right down Church Street, but instead take the steps into a small alley between the Post Office and the Abbey Gateway leading to some small shops and an entrance into the Priory Churchyard.

On the corner of the Priory Steps is  Lyttelton House incorporating Abbey Road Coffee, where you can either eat indoors or relax outside with a coffee. When this photo was taken the shop was named The Great Malvern Deli.

The Great Malvern Deli

Steps and coffee shop

In the 1920s this unit was a high class family grocers named Tipping and Morris.

An advertisement relates:

One of Malvern's leading shops, established 160 years ago when George the Second was King.

Today when George the Fifth is King, Malvern's Residents and Visitors find this the one shop where they can always be sure of obtaining Goods of the Highest Grade and Quality.

Telephone 84

Tipping and Morris, Lyttelton House Malvern

About Tipping and Morris

Today, the claim there was a shop selling provisions at Lyttelton House from about 1780 seems exaggerated, but it could be true, though the original business was certainly not Tipping and Morris.

Bachelor, Edward Tipping (1844 - 1924), born in Malvern,  is first recorded as being a grocer and wine and spirit merchant at Lyttelton House about 1880. Earlier in 1873 he had been a grocer, tea dealer and provisions factor at St Ann's Place. His parents Thomas and Ann had been lodging house keepers in St Ann's Road and his family later ran The Mount Pleasant. These were the days when the water cure was in full swing and business must have been good.

Edward Tipping retired about 1901 and we imagine the business Tipping and Co was continued by newcomer Edward Lloyd Morris (1862 - 1931), under the name Tipping and Morris, and then by his son Hedley and others until about 1960.

Unlike the Tippings, Edward Lloyd Morris was not a local man and his origins are a mystery. He is not recorded in the index of births and does not appear in the census until 1881 when he was a grocers' assistant living in the household of draper, grocer and hop merchant Elias Puleston in High Street Wem in Shropshire. He gives his place of birth as Eastham, a district of Birkenhead.

In 1888 at Chorlton in Lancashire Edward married farmer's daughter Mary Emma Tattersall. In 1891 he was a grocers' manager living in Huddersfield and later the 1901 census records him as a grocers' manager at Finchley near London.

In the 1911 census Edward Lloyd Morris is recorded as a grocer now living at Wynella in Blackmore Road Malvern; his son Hedley aged 20 years is described as 'assisting father in business'.

Tipping and Morris

The Malvern Remembers website records that Harold James Harris had worked at Tipping and Morris; the 1911 census indicates he was a vanman, so presumably was involved with making deliveries, much as Waitrose does today.

Private 242410 Harold James Harris, 1/8th Bn The Worcestershire Regiment, the son of a stone mason, was killed by an artillery shell on 17th August 1917 aged 24 years, during the early days of the Passchendaele offensive. He has no known grave but is remembered on the memorial at Tyne Cot and the Roll of the Fallen at Great Mavern Library.

Local historian Roger Hall Jones records that Edward Lloyd Morris became a Freemason, joining Royds Lodge in 1914 and that chairs were presented in 1934 by Hedley Lloyd Morris in memory of his father who had died at a nursing home in Edgbaston three years before.

We assume the business was continued by Hedley Lloyd Morris who died at Clanmere, a nursing home in Graham Road, in 1951.

Continuing from the Priory Steps

Just below The Great Malvern Deli is the Aquarius 'new age' gift shop.

Aquarius new age gifts shop

Aquarius

This may once have been the wine and spirits outlet of Tipping and Morris.

Below, is the Malvern Bookshop which advertises 5 rooms of secondhand books.

Bookshop

Below the Malvern Bookshop was the Lyttelton House (art) Gallery, but it's no longer there and the business has become the Lyttleton Framing Gallery at 89 Newtown Road.

Lyttelton House Gallery

In its place is Hunkey Dorey selling clothing, retro furniture and other quirky items.

Hunky Dorey

Hunky Dorey

The Priory Churchyard

The alley then leads into the churchyard. Immediately on the right is a bench where you can sit quietly and take in the view.

Entrance to Great Malvern Priory churchyard

Churchyard entrance


Here you could turn right, then down more steps to visit the Priory Church (see photo below), but this trail continues down the path to the entrance onto Church Street by the Lyttelton Well bookshop.

The Priory Church of St Mary and St Michael

The Priory Church

Church Street

On the way down the path, to the left you will see the tops of the shops on Church street, which probably go unnoticed when you walk by looking into shop windows.

Boots the Chemist stands out from the older buildings and occupies a bland red-brick property, typical of those built in the 1960s; this replaced two shops that had been demolished many years ago in order to build a Lipton's supermarket.

 Gordon Smith's (not shown) supplies a good range of household furnishings and kitchen equipment.

The stonework above Caffe Nero suggests a Victorian heritage, but possibly not that early as you will see the facade bears the date 1891.


Caffe Nero

Cafe Nero

The photo below shows the entrance to Church Walk which leads to the Wilkinson general store and Waitrose. Please note parking at Waitrose is now restricted to 2 hours.

Shops in Church Street Great Malvern

The entrance to Church Walk

Since the financial crash in 2008 there have been many changes on the high street. The Julian Graves health food chain closed in 2012 and their shop on Church Street (see below) became a Bakery and Coffee shop.

The Anupam Indian restaurant has a reputation for good food; their damaged sign in the photo below has since been repaired.

The Superdrug chemist shop, close to the corner by the traffic lights, is now a Costa Coffee shop. We wonder how so many competing coffee shops and bistros can be financially viable.

Anupam Indian restaurant Great Malvern

The passage-way to the Anupam restaurant

Below is a view looking up Church Street from the entrance to Great Malvern Priory. The large redbrick building near the top is now occupied by Boots the chemist; before that it had been a Liptons' supermarket and then an International Store.


Looking up Church Street Great Malvern

View looking up Church Street

Proceed down Church street, past the Iceland store, and turn right at the traffic lights into Grange Road.

Grange Road

On the left you will pass The Grange, built in Victorian times, which until recently had been occupied by Malvern Hills District Council and the Citizens Advice Bureau. In 2014 it was said to be in a poor state of repair due to its age. Here is a little parking.

The Grange

The Grange

Further along, on the right, is Priors Croft, a restaurant and bar opposite the Malvern Theatres.

Priors Croft restaurant Great Malvern

Priors Croft, once named Reginald Tower

Next to Priors Croft are the offices of the Malvern Hills Conservators, where locals can make enquiries and buy an annual pass to park in the Conservators' car parks on the hills. They have recently changed their name to The Malvern Hills Trust.

Conservators offices Great Malvern

Manor House, offices of The Malvern Hills Trust

Cross the road to enter the Malvern Theatres complex, containing a cinema, theatre, hall,  bar and bistro.

Entrance to Malvern Theatres

Entrance to Malvern Theatres and cinema

Theatre plaque

On the wall near the entrance to Malvern Theatres is a plaque placed by Malvern Civic Society that reads,

Malvern Festival Theatre, home of the Malvern Festival 1929 - 1939.

George Bernard Shaw, playwright

Sir Barry Jackson, director

Roy Limbert, manager and director

Henry K Ayliff, producer


To return to Southlea car park, proceed down the steps into the hall of Malvern Theatres and out the door at the far end, down more steps, into Priory Park. Look for the handrails at the side of the steps.

Follow the path across the grass to the bandstand, and then across the bridge over the pool; bear left and then right to leave Priory Park by the Splash leisure centre. Then cross the road back to Southlea car park.

Priory Park bandstand

Bandstand in Priory Park

During the summer, bands play in the park most Sunday afternoons.

References

  1. Hall-Jones, Roger, The Story of Park View Malvern, 2nd edition 2012, printed by First Paige. The London Gazette, Jan 12th 1869
  2. England and Wales Census
  3. Stevens directories of Malvern, Great Malvern library
  4. 1884 Map of Great Malvern, Great Malvern library
  5. Cross's historical handbook to Malvern, The Post Office, Malvern, first published in 1865
  6. Cooper, Anthony M, Somehow They Knew, a true love-story, Trafford Publishing, 2004, ISBN 13 978-1412006323

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