Web site logo c. 123-mcc.com

 Other Resources



Local history - list of artists and photographers associated with Malvern in Worcestershire

Bookmark graphicContents

Overview

Artists and photographers

Bates, David

Beaufort, John William

Bennett, Thomas

Brandling, Mary Gifford

Bushnell, William

Down, John

Earl, Francis Charles

Evans, William

Grosvenor, Christopher John

Henley, Samuel

Henley, William

May, Norman

Moody, Catherine

Moody, Victor Hume

Oldmeadow, James Charles

Phipson, Edward Arthur

Steers, Fanny

Stevens, Albert

Stevens, Mrs M

Stowe, Edwin Drury

Taylor, Frederick

Tipping, William

Walton, Clement David

Webb, Edward

Yeats, George Paterson

Yeats, Nelly Hartnell

Exhibition of Victorian art

References

Overview

In March 2016 we came across an index of artists 1790 - 1940 compiled by the Worcester Record Office (ref 1), which contains the names of several people we had researched and a few we hadn't. Below is a list of, mostly Victorian, artists and photographers with  a connection to Malvern, together with either information we have gleaned about them, or a pointer to other material.

Of course hundreds of artists will have visited Malvern to paint landscapes, and thousands of amateur photographers will have snapped photos, so what we are presenting here is a glimpse of some of the people who worked in the town mostly during the days of the water cure. If you feel we have left someone out please do send us their story so it can be added to the website. Likewise do let us know if you believe any information is factually incorrect.

Artists and photographers

A list of mostly Victorian artists and photographers, ordered by surname.

Bates, David

We came across painter David Bates (1842 - 1921) while researching a mansion named Holly Mount which stood above the Worcester Road.

The 1881 census recorded painter David Bates living with his family at Holly Mount Cottage; he is described as an artist, landscape in oil colour, born March, Cambridgeshire about 1842. This may be the David Bates (1840 - 1921) who is listed in the Dictionary of Victorian Painters (ref 2) thus:

Midlands landscape painter, worked in Birmingham and Worcester. Exhibited at the RA from 1872, also at SS and GG. Style and subjects similar to other artists of the Birmingham school, such as Joseph Thors, and SH Baker. Also made many small oil sketches of hedges and plants, which he usually inscribed and signed on the reverse.

Earlier in 1873 he had been at Northwick Villa, Northwick Road, Worcester, then at Mount Pleasant, Henwick Road before moving to Holly Mount Cottage in 1879. In 1888 he was at Sydenham Villa, Newtown Road, Malvern.

Kelly's directory of 1884 also listed him as an artist of Holly Mount Cottage, St Ann's Road. David Bates moves around a lot, and by 1911 he is a Painter and Artist working on his own account at home, living at Blandford House Teddington; his son David Samuel Bates then aged 34 was an Art Agent. Click to see some of his paintings on the Art UK website

A painting of Great Malvern Priory, by David Bates, can be found in Malvern Museum (MM).

Beaufort, John William

In 1889, photographer John William Beaufort (1864 - 1943) was a co-director of the firm Norman May's Studio in Church Street, Great Malvern (ref 3). He was born at Bradford in 1864, the third son of 'Tinner' John and Martha Boocock; his mother died soon after he was born and his father married second, in 1881, Eliza Turner.

The 1881 census recorded John as an artist, living at home. In 1889 he married Lucy Anne Ostcliffe, the daughter of an innkeeper, at Bradford Cathedral. At some stage, prior to his marriage, he had obviously changed his surname, no doubt in order to advance his career. His marriage certificate confirms that he was a photographer living at Priory Mount, Malvern.

About 1890, after the death of his co-director Norman May, John went to work for the famous photographic firm Elliott and Fry in Birmingham and he became Managing Director from 1915 to 1926.

In 1893 he had joined the Freemasons (St Paul's Lodge, Birmingham).

John and Lucy Beaufort had two sons, Percival Stanley born at Malvern in 1890 and Harold Ostcliffe, born at Birmingham in 1894.

During WWI, Percy Stanley Beaufort joined the Artists Rifles as a Private, and in 1917 was transferred into the Royal Flying Corps as a communications equipment officer. He survived the war and in 1920 was living in Birmingham.

Sadly his younger brother 2nd Lt Harold Ostcliffe Beaufort, 1/6th Battalion, The Prince of Wales’s (North Staffordshire Regiment) was killed in action on the 13th October 1915 just seven days short of his 21st birthday. He had attended Wrekin College and another website records his story and that of others who lost their lives in WWI.

After WWI, John William Beaufort is noted to have painted a portrait of famous naturalist Alfred Russell Wallace (1823 - 1913) who was a contemporary of Charles Darwin. The painting was based on a photograph of Wallace taken in 1903 by the photographic firm Elliott & Fry; the painting was presented to the Natural History Museum in 1923, click to read report in Times.

John William Beaufort, artist and photographer, died at Weybridge in 1943.

Bennett, Thomas

Photographer Thomas Bennett (1824 - 1877) was born at Ely, Cambridgeshire where his father was a lay clerk of Ely Cathedral. He married Elizabeth Jane Gray in 1850 and they had eight children.

The 1861 census records the family living at his shop at 46 Foregate, Worcester, where he is described as a Lay Clerk (of the church) and photographer. His firm Thomas Bennett and Son is thought to have been established about 1856. His branch in Great Malvern was possibly the second photographic studio in Great Malvern; the first may have been John Down's, see below.

In 1873 Thomas was an artist and photographer at 2 Priory Mount, Church Street and at St Ann's Well and at Foregate Street, Worcester.

Thomas Bennett sadly died in 1877 at 8 Broad Street, aged only 53 years, but the business was carried on by his wife and children. (for example, see advertisement on page 57 of Kelly's Directory 1879.)

In 1885 the firm had photographic and art studios at 8 Broad Street Worcester and Gazebo House, Church Street, Great Malvern. In 1888 it was at 8 Broad Street only. Elizabeth died in 1899 and the business is thought to have been acquired in 1915 by WW Dowty.

Brandling, Mary Gifford

Watercolour painter Mary Gifford was born in Devon on 23rd May 1823, the daughter of Charles Gifford and Mary Moresby. She was reasonably well connected. Her father, landowner Charles Gifford, lived at Cliff End House, Withycombe Rawleigh; on the 19th March 1831 he was appointed a Captain in the 1st Devon Yeomanry Cavalry, and in the 1851 census aged 74, he was recorded as Deputy Lieutenant of the County of Devon. Mary's mother was born in India.

In 1847, Mary married soldier Herbert Winsloe Patton, the son of a retired commander in the Royal Navy; the 1851 Post Office directory records her husband as a Captain, Royal Artillery at Woolwich; sadly he was a casualty of the Crimean War and died of cholera at sea on board the transport Sydney at Balaclava, on 27th September 1854.

On 8th January 1856, at Welland, the home of her aunts, Mary Gifford married second, soldier John James Brandling (1821 - 1860) whose brother was MP for Newcastle and came from a wealthy family.

The National Probate Calendar records that John James Brandling, a Lieutenant Colonel in the Royal Artillery, died on 16th April 1860 at Woodsley House, Leeds, and that his widow, Mary, went to live at a large house named Heathlands in Malvern Wells, which may have been owned by her aunts. Mary had three daughters by her second husband, so one wonders how she found time to paint scenes of Malvern.

Heathlands

Seatstone and Heathlands, source ML

The National Archives lists a draft agreement dated 1867 between  Mary's aunts, Catherine and Jane Moresby, both of Seatstone House, Welland, spinsters, and Rev Henry Charles Knight for the sale and purchase for £6,300 of Heathlands House, Welland, with garden and 8 acres land, together with fixtures and furniture.

Nowadays this area of Malvern Wells is heavily built upon.

Clergyman Rev Henry Charles Knight (1813 - 1887) MA Cambridge was in residence at Heathlands in 1871. He was said to be the son of Robert Knight,  illegitimate son of the 1st Earl Catherlough, and Frances, daughter of Charles, 8th Baron Dormer.

In the 1861 census, Mary had been recorded staying with her aunts Catherine and Jane, at Moresby House, in Malvern Wells. Later the 1871 census recorded Mary visiting the home of Helen Thornhill in Cheltenham, with her three daughters, where her brother in law was an artist. In the census, Mary does not describe herself as either an artist or painter, so painting was most likely regarded as a hobby.

We discovered Mary Brandling had been a watercolour painter, when we saw examples of her work on display in Great Malvern Priory during the Autumn Malvern Festival 2016. The Exhibition of Victorian Art, showing views of Malvern, was organised by local historian Brian Iles, in association with Malvern Library (ML), and both are to be congratulated for organising a well presented, interesting and informative event.

Donkey party

Donkey stand near Malvern Wells' church 1856, source ML

It may have been a factor that her brother in law Henry Charles Brandling (1826 - 1897) was an artist who has this small entry in the Dictionary of Victorian Painters:

Brandling, Henry Charles, flourished 1850 - 1881

London painter of genre and portraits. Exhibited 1850 - 1881, at the RA and elsewhere. Titles at RA 'Hier Verkoopt Men Drank' and 'Miss E Brandling' 1850.

He was a friend of the Victorian novelist and playwright, Wilkie Collins.


Painting

Malvern Hills from the New Pool, by Mary Brandling 1856, source ML

The National Probate Calendar records that Mary Brandling died on 30th May 1873 at Heather Bank, Malvern Wells, and that her executor was the Right Honourable Thomas Lyttleton, 4th Baron Lilford, who had married Mary's sister in law Emma Elizabeth Brandling - Emma had been painted by George Frederic Watts, a noted Victorian artist.

We thought Mary's painting of a 'Malvern Countrywoman', below, rather jolly!

A Malvern Countrywoman

Malvern Countrywoman, Mary Brandling 1856, source ML


Bushnell, William

Photographer William Bushnell was born in Oxfordshire about 1856. He established a photographic studio in Bank Street, North Malvern in a building which once stood on the site of the Nag's Head car park (ref 4). Trade directories record his studio at Bank Street until 1932.

In 1871 William was working for confectioner Thomas Hedges in Oxford. Living next door was printer compositor Michael Charles Aldridge and perhaps it was through him or a contact that William learnt his trade as a photographer.

In 1879 at St Peter's, Worcester, William married Sarah Susan Wootton the daughter of builder John Wootton by whom he had three daughters. Maud Beatrice died aged 9 years and is buried in St Matthias churchyard in Malvern Link, as are her parents. Mary Sarah and Ethel Jane emigrated from England to Canada.

The 1881 census records the family living at 8 Lansdowne Terrace; in 1891 they are at 15 Quest Hills Road and in 1901 at Lansdowne Place.

Sarah died in 1901 aged 53 years, and in 1903 William married, second, Ethel Brown, born Norfolk, who had been a cook nearby in Graham Road. William and Ethel had two sons. In 1911 they were living at 4 Davenham Cottages in Moorlands Road, within walking distance of William's studio.

Brian Iles book The Malverns contains a lovely photo of a wedding party in the garden of a black and white cottage in 1910. Brian comments that William Bushnell had a unique way of posing his subjects in the picture; some are sitting on the ground and some are standing on chairs.

Photographer William Bushnell died at Malvern in 1935 aged 79 years.

Down, John

The Post Office directory of 1860 lists John Down, a photographer, at St Ann's Well, Great Malvern, and some interesting information about him can be found in Aqua Malvernensis (ref 5).

John  was born at Warminster in Wiltshire about 1817 and married Lavinia Rogers at Frome, a few miles to the west, in 1841. Lavinia was the daughter of comedian Thomas Rogers. The 1841 census records John Down as an innkeeper, and residing at the inn was Lavinia's brother Thomas Rogers (junior) also a comedian. Perhaps this link with Music Hall encouraged John Down to become a bit of a showman.

By 1851 John and Lavinia had moved to Birmingham where he is described in the census as an 'artist in wax fruit'. He is said to have won a prize at the Great Exhibition of 1851 (ref 5).

John Down moved to Malvern about 1857, where the 1861 census recorded him as an artist living at St Ann's Well, Great Malvern. Almost certainly it was a commercial decision with the development of Malvern and the increase of visitors for the water cure for which St Ann's Well was a focus.

St Ann's Well

St Ann's Well in 2015

Slaters directory of 1862 listed the firm Down and Co (photographic) at St Ann's Well.

An old photo in Brian Iles book 'Malvern Through Time' indicates circa 1870 that John Down's photographic studio was located in an out-building a few yards below St Ann's Well; it would have stood in the foreground of the photo above.

Painted in large letters on the side of the out-building, below the eaves, were the words:

DOWN'S

Photographer

while a large sign at the front of the building read:

Have your family or group taken and don't leave St Ann's Well without your carte de visite

John Down also set up a Camera Obscura near the Worcestershire Beacon and had earlier constructed a telescope which customers could pay to look through (ref 5).

Photographer Thomas Bennett had an adjacent studio within the Octagon of St Ann's Well.

The 1871 census recorded John Down as a photographer of Rose Villa, Mathon on the other side of the Malvern Hills; with him was his wife Lavinia, daughter Anna a photographer, artist and colourer, and daughter Mary, a photographer.

Lavinia died in 1876 and in 1877 John Down married, second, Annie Davies a young lady by whom he had two further children.

In 1881, John Down was still living in Mathon and had renamed his house 'The Observatory'. His occupation was given as an 'artist in photography' and with him was his second wife Annie and their son William aged 2 years. A daughter Annie May was born later that year.

Photographer and entrepreneur John Down died at Malvern in 1887, aged 70 years.

We  have been unable to trace what became of any of his five children.

Earl, Francis Charles

The Worcester index of artists 1790 - 1940 (ref 1) lists art photographer Francis Charles Earl (1829 - 1903). His father Francis died when he was 5 years old, and he was brought up by his grandfather a shopkeeper in the St John's area of Worcester and an Aunt.  The 1851 census recorded him as a printer compositor.

In 1857 at Worcester he had married Dorcas Millward Humphreys.

The 1871 census recorded him as an artist living at 46 Broad Street, Worcester.

By 1873 he was a photographer at 46 Broad Street Worcester and 2 Priory Mount, Church Street, Malvern. In 1885 he was at 46 Broad Street only. See also advertisement opposite page 195 of  Kelly's Directory 1879.

A Trade directory of 1880 describes him as a photographic portraitist, miniature painter, landscape and architectural photographer of 46 Broad Street Worcester and Church Street Malvern. Possibly he employed Norman May who took over the Studio in Church Street in the late 1870s.

Portraits of the following taken by Francis Charles Earl in the 1860s are held by the National Portrait Gallery.

  • Georgina Elizabeth Ward (née Moncreiffe), Countess of Dudley, (1846-1929); daughter of Sir Thomas Moncreiffe; society beauty; second wife of 1st Earl Dudley who had inherited a great fortune from the coal and iron industries in the Black Country and  purchased Witley Court from Thomas Foley.
  • Benjamin Gibbons (1783 - 1873) Ironmaster and landowner
  • Mrs Pearson, relative of the Rector of Great Witley

Another photograph attributed to him is the ruins of Raglan castle circa 1859. 

The 1901 census recorded Francis Charles Earl as a widower still living in Worcester running a photographic business assisted by his daughter Mary Dorcas and married son Frank Ferdinand. In 1911, after his father's death, the census records Frank as a printer at a vinegar works.

Evans, William

Slater's directory of 1862 lists William Evans (photographic) Worcester Road, Great Malvern.

This was watch and clockmaker William Evans of York House, next to the White Horse Inn on the Worcester Road. He was born at Upton Upon Severn about 1811 and is recorded at York House in the 1851 and 1861 census. A trade directory of 1860 records him as a watchmaker and photographer.

It seems likely he tried his hand at photography, as a sideline, between roughly 1859 and 1862. He later moved to Lyndhurst in the New Forest, possibly to be near a married daughter, where he died in 1869.

Grosvenor, Christopher John

In July 2017 we were invited to an event at Hampton House, in College Road, which was recently converted into apartments and is now known as Magnolia House (ref 17).

Hampton House was once part of Ellerslie school for girls and on display were a number of photographs loaned by Malvern College, with which Ellerlsie had merged in 1992. Many of the photos were thought to have been taken in 1926 and one large print (see below) was faintly embossed in the bottom left corner:

CJ and E Grosvenor, MALVERN.

The 1901 and 1911 census list Christopher John and Edward Grosvenor as photographers living in North Malvern, not far from the founder of Ellerslie, Gladys Sayle.

Ellerslie girls' sitting room

Ellerslie girls' sitting room, 1926, courtesy of Malvern College

Identical pictures appear in other albums and so we conclude that the Grosvenor brothers had probably been tasked to provide a photographic record of the early years of Ellerslie school. Do you know of any other examples of the brothers' work?

Photographer, Christopher John Grosvenor died two years later in 1928, aged 58 years.

 

Henley, Samuel

We have written about artist Samuel Henley (1794 - 1868) on another page. He was a Birmingham based accountant who seems to have retired to the area and taken up landscape painting and drawing following marriage to his second wife Louisa. Slater's directory of 1861 places him in West Malvern.

After Samuel died, Louisa became an artist in her own right and lived at Poolbrook.

Henley, William

We think artist William Bidwell Henley (1823 - 1887) was the son of Samuel Henley by his first wife Frances T Coward. The 1881 census records William living at Lansdowne Cottage, Link Common. Kelly's directory lists him still there in 1884. You can read more about him on our page about Samuel Henley.

May, Norman

We have written extensively about photographer Norman May who founded Norman May's Studio in Church Street circa 1879.

Click to go to story of Norman May

Moody, Catherine

Artist Catherine Olive Moody (1920 - 2009) was the daughter of Victor Hume Moody, see below.

Moody, Victor Hume

Victor Hume Moody (1896 - 1990) was a significant painter in more recent times. He came to Malvern about 1935 to become Head of the Malvern School of Art which had come into being about 1886. The building in Victoria Road still has an art department but is now part of South Worcestershire College.

Victor Hume Moody was Head of the Malvern School of Art between 1935 and 1962. He and his wife May are buried in the modern section of Great Malvern cemetery.

Memorial to Victor Hume Moody

The memorial reads:

In loving memory of May Olive Moody born 29th September 1898, died 17th March 1984, beloved wife and mother.

and of,

Victor Hume Moody born 10th November 1896, died 27th November 1990, beloved husband and father.

True followers of Christ

Their daughter Catherine Moody (1920 - 2009) became a Malvern artist and, like her father, was a President of the Malvern Art Club and head of Malvern School of Art (1962 - 1980). Her obituary was published in the Priory magazine - it's worth reading, and you should be able to find a copy on the Liss Llewellyn Fine Art website.


Oldmeadow, James Charles

James Charles Oldmeadow was a Victorian painter who moved to Malvern from Cheltenham in the late 1850s. In 1868 he was at Abbey Place, Great Malvern and in 1873 at 3 Beauchamp Terrace, Worcester Road, Great Malvern. Described as a professor of drawing, sketching from nature.

Click to go to story of James Charles Oldmeadow and his family


Phipson, Edward Arthur

Edward Arthur Phipson (1854 - 1931), prolific watercolour artist, and some might say an anarchist, was born in Birmingham and died at Rye in Sussex. His father Edward was a manufacturer of metallic bedsteads.

Though coming from a prosperous and hard working family, Phipson does not seem to have been interested in money. His only connection with Malvern is that his paintings of the Guesten Hall are in the Malvern Museum. He also painted the Commandery in Worcester.


Steers, Fanny

Two watercolour paintings in the exhibition of Victorian Art, held at Great Malvern Priory, in October 2016, were by F Steers. We think the painter may have been Fanny Steers, who seems to have been quite well known in her day, but strangely does not appear in the England census.

The first painting (see below) was annotated 'Site of Holy Trinity Church. Domo Villa, by F Steers'. A typically dour Victorian landscape.

Holy Trinity at Link Top was consecrated in 1851 and built on land gifted by Lady Emily Foley.

Site of Holy Trinity

Holy Trinity Church. Domo Villa, by F Steers, source ML

Another painting was an earlier sketch of the Wyche cutting, dated 1829.

Wyche cutting

The Wyche, 1829, by F Steers, source ML

Fanny has two entries in the Dictionary of Victorian Painters:

Steer, Miss Fanny, flourished 1833 - 1842

Painted landscape water colours. Exhibited 25 works at the Royal Society of British Artists, Suffolk Street, including views in Malvern and on the Malvern Hills. May be the same as Miss Fanny Steers.

Steers, Miss Fanny, flourished 1846 - 1860, died 1861

London landscape painter, who exhibited 1846 - 1860 at the New Watercolour Society (59 works), of which she was a member. Also exhibited in Birmingham.

Although Fanny does not appear in the census, her name frequently crops up in publications.

For example the 'Spectator' Archive, 13th May 1854 reported:

We fix unhesitatingly upon Miss Fanny Steers as the author of the two best things in the gallery, - 'An Autumn Evening' and 'A Woodland Scene'; both diminutive. The sweet warm colour, nice observation and drawing, and tender glow of these little works, are most refreshing. Miss Steers is a perfect example of modest merit; her productions are always unconspicuous and delightful, like violets.

Another publication 'The Crayon', correspondence, May 23rd 1855 reported rather verbosely:

A third exhibition just opened is the annual one of the New Society of Painters in Watercolours. We English say - and as far as I know surmise, with truth - that we are the first water color painters in the world. Truly a soothing conviction; but, with all our supremacy, a water-color exhibition is a tame affair; the work being sovereignly uninventive and uninteresting, save only as clever transcripts of generally very ordinary nature from a very ordinary point of view. Landscape 'bit' after Landscape bit succeeds, diversified by poultry, flowers, interiors, domesticities, and here and there a subject usually prettified, or sentimental, or theatrical, or in some other stage of the self-applausive commonplace. Even more perhaps, than in oil painting, from the comparative quickness and slightness of the method, each artist gets into a mannerism - does the same things over and over again, with the same title, the same color and the same touch. Surely Art, pursued after this fashion, must be a tedious sort of thing. I don't know that I need particularize more than two of the contributors - Miss Fanny Steers and Mr Edward G Warren, the son of the Society's president. The lady has exhibited for several years; but though the papers generally drop her a civil word, she seems to me never to have received the kind of recognition which is her due. Her pictures, always small, and frequently of quite miniature proportions, are, in fact, some of the most lovely pieces of pure warm color, and heartfelt poetic love of Nature, that one sees at the present day. There is a glowing richness about them which seems, so to speak, to have sunk into the paper, and burn out thence again; a thorough harmony and proportion; and the sure ease of a mistress of her Art in the representation of whatever she introduces into her subject. The expender of £7 7s. on Miss Steer's 'Sunset' of this year, would possess, within the compass of a few inches, the highest Art of the gallery.

Fanny Steers is also recorded as a composer of melodies for Victorian songs.

In a small way, she was also an author of, for example, The Ant Prince a Rhyme, published by William Pickering, London, in 1847.

Family

Artist and composer, Fanny Steers, was baptised Frances on the 11th January 1797 at St Mary, Hanley Castle. She was the eldest daughter of William and Mary Steers later of Rock House, Malvern Wells. Her father had married second, Mary Smith, at St Brides in London in 1815, and possibly died in 1822.

Fanny's younger sister, spinster Mary Steers (1798 - 1859), seems to have taken over running the family's boarding establishments adjacent to the Holy Well spring, including the Well House Hotel, after her parents died, and took legal action against a neighbour attempting to divert water from the public supply (ref 5).

Youngest sister Elizabeth Steers (1799 - 1876) married farmer or land agent William Walker, son of William Walker of The Park, Hanley Castle, and when her sister Mary died, the couple took over as lodging house keepers at Rock House, where they were at the time of the 1871 census.

The Park may have been farmland occupying the site of a mediaeval Deer Park which lay to the west of Hanley Castle church.

After Fanny's sister Elizabeth died, her husband William Walker continued to live at Rock House with their daughter Louisa who married retired engineer, Royal Navy, John King. Louisa and John were still at Rock House in 1891, where she died in 1922.

Fanny Steers, artist and composer, died at Malvern in the last quarter of 1860. She is buried in Hanley Castle churchyard (ref 16).


Stevens, Albert

Watercolour painter Albert Stevens (1847 - 1934) and his wife retired to Malvern about 1924. He was the youngest son of auctioneer John Crace Stevens (1809 - 1859) and Mary Blockley, who were well known in natural history circles in their day.

JC Stevens Auction Rooms at 38 King Street London specialised in selling Natural History artifacts and scientific curiosities.

Between 1848 and 1867, Albert's uncle Samuel Stevens sold microscope slides of natural history specimens from his Natural History Agency at 24 Bloomsbury Street, and thereby possibly played a supporting role in shaping evolutionary theory. Samuel then helped run JC Stevens Auction Rooms until taken over by Albert's brother Henry who ran the firm until his death in 1925.

Albert's brother John Sanders Stevens became a successful mechanical engineer as did his sons.

In 1871, Albert was a clerk to the family firm of auctioneers at 38 King Street, Covent Garden, but in the 1881 census he was recorded as an Artist Landscape Painter.

Albert Stevens has a short entry in the Dictionary of Victorian Painters (ref 2):

London landscape painter. Exhibited mainly at the Society of British Artists and the Royal Academy (1877 - 1902), New Watercolour Society, Grosvenor Gallery and elsewhere. Titles at RA include English views; also Switzerland and Italy.

We have not found him in the 1891, 1901 and 1911 census so perhaps he and his wife were painting abroad. In 1903 they exhibited at Ernest Brown and Phillips, Leicester Galleries.

An exhibition of water colour drawings by Mr and Mrs Stevens entitled 'Garden Fantasies and Landscapes'.

Trade directories indicate that Albert and Mary Stevens retired to Malvern about 1924 where they set up a studio at The Manse, Malvern Wells.

The Manse was a large house and there is a photo of it in Keith Smith's book Around Malvern (ref 11). He records that prior to 1914 the house had been used as a ladies' school, and is now flats.

Albert Stevens' death in 1934 was mentioned in a column of The Times (ref 9) about Art Exhibitions:

Chance brings together three memorial exhibitions ...

At the Graham Gallery, 72 New Bond Street, there are 44 water-colours by Mr Albert Stevens who died this year. Ranging over several English counties, the Italian lakes, and the Riviera, those are the happiest with the more intimate kind of natural beauty, as in 'Malvern, the Hills', 'On the Severn', 'The Severn River' and 'Willows'. With more obvious 'views' Mr Stevens became conventional.

Stevens, Mrs Mary

In 1884 Albert had married Mary Jane Ellen Draper (1866 - 1947), who also has an entry in the Dictionary of Victorian Painters:

Stevens, Mrs Albert.  flourished 1889 - 1894

(Miss Mary Draper)

Painted animals and landscape. Exhibited five works at the RA (1889 - 1894) including 'How I Wonder Where You Are' and 'An Alpine Meadow'. London address.

We think Mary was born at Liverpool, the daughter of Henry Draper who is described in the 1881 census as a forwarding agent, living at Blundell sands, Great Crosby. Perhaps Albert had travelled there to paint on the coast.

The couple had one daughter Dorothy Mary Stevens, also an artist, who died at Malvern in 1973.

Stowe, Edwin Drury

The Worcester index of artists 1790 - 1940 lists:

May and Stowe, 1879, 37 Tything and Church Street, Malvern. Advert opposite page 286, Kelly's Directory 1879.

WE Owens directory of 1880 records:

May and Stowe, photographers, patronized by HRH Prince of Wales, studio on the ground floor 37 Tything, and Norman May Church Street Malvern.

In fact the partnership between May and Stowe had been dissolved the year before. The London Gazette August 29th 1879 (ref 6) reported:

Notice is hereby given that the partnership between Norman John May and Edwin Drury Stowe at no 37 Tything in the city of Worcester under the title May and Stowe photographers has been dissolved by mutual consent.

Dated 16th day of August 1879

Norman John May

Edwin Drury Stowe

Edwin Drury Stowe was an established photographer, 5 years older than Norman May, and perhaps Edwin helped Norman establish the photographic side of his business.

Edwin Drury Stowe was born in Cheltenham in 1846, the son of Commission Agent James Stockford Stowe. Trade directories record him living in High Street Tewkesbury for most of the 1870s, where he is at the time of the 1871 census.

In 1885 he was a photographer of 8, Castle Street Cirencester. By 1898 he had moved on again and he and his son Drury, who was born at Tewkesbury in 1875, were renting premises at 72 High Street Bedford.

The National Archives lists accommodation relating to the lease of the premises at Bedford, which gives an indication of the extensive equipment needed to run a photographic business at that time. To quote:

Messuage and shop, with studio, outbuildings and garden being no 72, High Street, Bedford, now in occupation of Edwin Drury Stowe.

Fixtures, as in schedule

Term - 9 years and 72 days from 1 March 1899

Rent - £130 p.a.

Premises to be kept in repair and painted on outside every 3rd year and interior twice during said term.

No trade except that similar to present to be carried on on premises without licence in writing of i) ...... term may cease on 11 May 1901 if 3 months notice given.

Schedule:

Artist Room. Negative rack, shelves etc.

Negative Room. Negative box rack, shelves, bench etc. Copying Room. Camera Rack. Negative box rack, shelves, painted cabinet etc.

Printing Room. Shelves, frames, high pressure taps etc.

Printing House. "The structure 11 feet 2 inches x 5 feet 6 inches with glass roof, inside table and fittings".

Dark Room - Upstairs. Bench, shelves, galvanised iron tank, chemical cupboard etc

Dark Room - downstairs. "The Structure with shelves, sink, gas and water fittings"

Studio. "One radiating stove with flue pipe"

Also mentioned: dressing room, greenhouse, WC under studio, pantry, wood cupboard under stairs, china cupboard, cellar, scullery, cellar, kitchen, passage, shop - south window, north window, south side of shop, dining room, hall, WC; WC in basement, drawing room, back bedroom, dressing room, stair landing, front bedroom, small front bedroom, back bedroom, servants bedroom, landing, entrance passage.

Witness Henry Tebbs, solicitor, Bedford Date: 11 March 1899.

Photographer Edwin Drury Stowe died in 1901 aged 55 years; the 1911 census recorded that his son Drury Stowe became a leather manufacturer.

Taylor, Frederick

Fred Taylor (1848 - 1925), born at Worcester, was a teacher of drawing and painting, working on his own account from home.

In 1884 and at the time of the 1891 census he was living at 1, Mount Pleasant, Cowleigh Road, Malvern where he was recorded as an artist and teacher of drawing and painting.

The 1901 and 1911 census record him living at The Beakes, a strangely named house containing ten rooms not far from the Unicorn Inn and Holly Mount; Trade directories record him there until 1916.

If we have it right, Fred married Julia Pardoe, the daughter of grocer and provisions dealer Joseph Pardoe, in the parish of Leigh and Bransford on 17th November 1874; the index of marriages recorded him as Frederick Tyler and we think he may have been the son of boot and shoe maker William Tyler and Sarah Anne Wells.

Fred Taylor died at Ashley in Malvern Wells in 1925 and Julia died at Fairholme in Graham Road in 1932. They had six children but, as far as we know, none of them followed in their father's footsteps.

Sadly eldest son Frederick Joseph Taylor died aged 12 and is buried in the churchyard of St Peter's, Cowleigh Bank. We have found no trace of Ernest Frederick born 1878 after 1881 so possibly he died an infant.

Florence Adelaide (1880 - 1945) never married and died at Hill Mount in Malvern Wells.

Charles Bertram (1883 - 1964), died Truro, became a bank clerk and married Lucretia Rose Gibbs; they had two sons.

In 1905, Hubert Dunstan (1885 - 1945) married Winifred Nellie Drinkwater by whom he had a son and daughter and in 1911 the family emigrated from England to Australia. In 1916 he joined 8th Bn AIF returning to England. His service record shows he had been a farm labourer, and had separated from his wife Winifred; in the army he seems often to have got into trouble and was discharged in England in 1920. He never returned to Australia and died at Malvern.

Youngest daughter Winifred Mabel (1888 - 1985) married William Dade at Malvern in 1916; they had 4 children.

You will find that Fred Taylor's children were registered with the surname Tyler in the district of Martley.

Tipping, William

William Tipping was recorded in 1862 and 1870 Trade directories as a photographer of Newtown, North Malvern. However, we have not found him in the census and assume he played a minor role in local affairs.

Walton, Clement David

CD Walton, photographerClem Walton (1875 - 1953) was a well known photographer of Barnards Green, Malvern and many local photographs bear his name.

Clem was born not far from the Malvern Hills at Kinnersley, in Worcestershire; he was the son of tailor Charles Walton who died in 1886 aged only 45 years, when Clem was 11 years old.

The 1891 census records the family living in Cheltenham where Clem was a hairdresser's apprentice. By 1901 he was running his own hairdresser's and tobacconist shop in Barnards Green.

Trade directories record his hairdresser's business in Court Road, Malvern, from about 1904 to 1940.

He was also a self-taught violinist, see photo opposite (source: J Tidman).

We were told that the clock on the chest was presented by 'The Men's Own Brotherhood' in the 1930s which it is thought was a group of the Plymouth Open Brethren (ref 13).

Clem was also a member of the Malvern Link, Phoenix Lodge, branch of The Royal Antideluvian Order of Buffaloes. In the photograph below, taken in 1924, he is second from right in the middle row (click photo to enlarge).

Phoenix Lodge 1924

Phoenix Lodge No 5181 RAOB 1924 (source: J Tidman)

The inscription at the bottom left of the image is faded now, but it appears to read:

CD Walton, Court Road Studio, Malvern

On the 1911 census form, Clem described himself as a hairdresser and photographer living at a house named Balstonia on the corner of Pound Bank and Wedderburn Road, not far from John Henry Tandy who sadly would be killed in the Great War.

Clem Walton on wedding dayIn 1899 Clem had married Kathleen Eliza Ann Cowley, and the couple went on to have seven daughters.

A wedding photo, shown opposite, (source: J Tidman) bears the legend, Malvern Photographic Co, Church Street. A Trade directory of 1880 lists Malvern Photographic but not who was running it;  if you know, do please tell us.

In 1918 Clem served with the RAF. It is said at some stage he lost the sight in one eye. Fortunately he survived WWI. His RAF service papers recorded his religious denomination as Plymouth Brethren. In those days the Brethren met at the Gospel Chapel at Hall Green, locally known as the Tin Tabernacle which is mentioned in the Guarlford Story (ref 14).


People say Clem was often seen on his bicycle with equipment on the back; he seems mostly to have taken photographs of groups of people, rather than landscapes and buildings. For example see the school photograph below (click to enlarge):

CD Walton at Malvern Girls College

CD Walton working at Malvern Girls College (source: J Tidman)

Another of his photographs, below, now forms the cover of 'The Guarlford Scene' published by the Guarlford History Group. This wonderful photo, which had some damage, was given to us by our friend the late Derrick Bladder who lived on the Guarlford Road.

Photo

Derrick Bladder's grandfather striking a deal

Photo by CD Walton, restored by Michael Skinner


Webb, Edward

Edward Webb (1805 - 1854) was a landscape watercolour painter and steel engraver who, for reasons unknown to us, is buried in the churchyard of Great Malvern Priory. He studied under the engraver John Pye and later with Copley Fielding and David Cox RWS, the elder, (1783-1859) a famous member of the Birmingham School of Landscape Painters.

Edward made many English and French tours, and visited Scotland in 1834 and Wales in 1837 and 1840 with David Cox's son who was also a painter. The son also named David Cox AWRS (1809 - 1885) studied under his father and often imitated his style.

Few people today will have heard of Edward Webb, but some may have come across his son, Sir Aston Webb, the famous architect, who designed Admiralty Arch in London and the Victoria Law Courts in Birmingham.

The photograph below shows Edward Webb's memorial topped by a cross.

Grave of Edward Webb

The inscription on the top of the tomb is very worn now, but reads on one side:

Edward Webb who died 9th October 1854 aged 49 years

The other side reads:

Edward Webb of Park Hill House, Clapham, Surrey


At the foot of the tomb has been added:

In memory

Father of Sir Aston Webb PRA who died August 21st 1930

and E Alfred Webb FSA who died July 23rd 1939

See photo below.

Foot of grave of Edward Webb

Edward was the son of Charles Tarr Webb (1774-1849) and Ann Aston. His father Charles is recorded as a Gold Lace maker of 48 Picadilly in the parish of St James, Westminster. It seems likely his business was concerned with embellishing military uniforms.

Edward Webb's brother John was an eminent collector of fine art and an adviser to the Victoria and Albert museum. His obituary was published in the London Times on 21st June 1880.

Perhaps it is not surprising, given this background, that Edward became a landscape painter.

In 1844 Edward married Anna Evans, daughter of drug merchant John Evans at St Bartholomew's in London. Sadly not long after Anna died at Versailles in France on 17th October 1850.

Edward and Anna's two surviving sons were Aston Webb who become a famous architect and his brother Edward Alfred Webb who wrote a history of St Bartholomew's and is listed in the census as a wholesale druggist. Nowadays he might be described as a 'pharmaceutical supplier'. Aston Webb was elected President of the Royal Academy 1919-1924. His many designs included Admiralty Arch and the Victoria Law Courts in Birmingham. The initials after the name of his brother Edward Alfred Webb suggest he was a Fellow of the Society of Apothecaries.

Yeats, George Paterson

George Paterson Yeats, born Aberdeenshire, Scotland, about 1823, was an author, artist, and teacher of drawing and painting. In 1855 he married Mary Ann Hartwell Bird in Worcestershire, and they went on to have 7 children.

In 1861 he was living at Upper Swinford, Stourbridge, and described as Master of School of Arts; in 1871 he was still in Worcestershire and described as an Art Teacher. His watercolour paintings are detailed and provide a lovely glimpse of bygone Malvern.

Worcester Beacon

On the Herefordshire Beacon, 1889, by GP Yeats, source ML

We like to imagine that Yeats has painted himself into the picture above.

By 1881 he was living in Priory Road, Great Malvern, when his daughter Nelly was described as a flower painter. Just above Priory Road is Grange Road, which is pictured below.

Painting of Grange Road

Grange Road, Malvern, 1880 by GP Yeats, source ML

George and Mary's eldest son Joseph Ralph Raeburn Yeats became an engineer and emigrated from England to Australia. An Adelaide newspaper reported that on 26th November 1887 Joseph Ralph Raeburn Yeats married Alice Bertha Barker of Buxton Road, Adelaide. To quote:

South Australian Register, Adelaide, Tue 29 Nov 1887, Family Notice

YEATS—BARKER

On the 26th November, at the residence of the bride's parents, by the Rev Samuel Hebditch, Joseph Ralph Raeburn, eldest son of George Patterson Yeats, Esq, of Kildare, Worcestershire, England, to Alice Bertha, second daughter of James Barker Esq, Buxton Street, North Adelaide.

In 1875 Joseph had been apprenticed into the merchant navy, but deserted in San Francisco in 1877; that may explain why Joseph had been in HM Prison Holloway in 1881.

Joseph and Alice's eldest son was born at Broken Hill in 1888, soon after the discovery of silver and the formation of the Broken Hill Mining Company.

Back in the UK, about 1889 George and his remaining family moved to a house named Kildare in Manby Road. George's wife Mary is then described as a Superintendent of a Home. Also in the household were:

  • James G Howell, a visitor, clergyman without a benefice, aged 61

  • Edward H Robson, a patient, also a clergyman aged 64

  • Elizabeth Tudge, a patient, aged only 26, living on own means

together with a housemaid, nurse, cook and kitchen-maid.

The 1911 census records mechanical engineer William Parker-Brough living at Kildare who is strangely described as a motor owner. His wife Laura Westbrooke Squires had been born in Adelaide, South Australia. Their marriage was reported in an Adelaide newspaper:

Miss Laura Westbrooke Squires, second daughter of Mr William Herbert Squires, late of Adelaide, was married on July 31 1894 at St George's, Hanover Square, to Mr William Parker Brough, son of Mr William Bromfield Brough, of Enderley, Bromley, Kent, late of Alexandria, Egypt.

'Kildare' was not large by Malvern standards having only 8 rooms.

Painting the Firs Estate

The Firs Estate, Malvern, by GP Yeats, source ML

We think the picture shown above relates to a piece of ground to the south of Malvern College on the edge of Peachfield Common.

George Paterson Yeats is said to have published a book in 1884, The London Obelisk: a new translation of the hieroglyphic text; and another, Observations on the earthquake of December 17th, 1896 which was observed in Herefordshire and caused some damage to buildings.

At the time of Yeat's death in 1901 the family was living at Landsowne House in Madresfield Road.

The 1911 census records that youngest son George Malcolm Yeats (1869 - 1945) went on to become managing director of a refrigeration company. He may have painted as a young man, as the painting below was exhibited with his father's work, showing the railway bridge on Link Common. This lacks the quality of his father's work.

Painting of Link Common

Link Common, by Malcolm Yeats, source ML


Yeats, Nelly Hartnell

George's youngest daughter has a brief entry in the Dictionary of Victorian Painters.

Yeats, Miss Nelly H

Exhibited 'Roses' at the RA. Address in Malvern, Worcestershire.

It seems probable that Nelly was taught by her father, and occupied herself by painting at home.

When her father died, her mother Mary took in boarders at Lansdowne House, which had 15 rooms, and when Mary died in 1908, Nelly in turn became a Boarding House Keeper; she may have continued to paint in her spare time.

Nelly Hartnell Yeats, painter, born 1866 died at Malvern in 1927.

What of Nelly's other brothers and sisters?

David Osborne Yeats sadly died in 1874 aged only 14 years. Fanny emigrated from England to Australia where she married Albert Sharp in 1887. Harriet Spencer Yeats married Thomas Alexander Garrett; in 1911 they were living in Reigate when he described himself as an experimental physicist (shipping). As mentioned above, Nelly's youngest brother George Malcolm Yeats became a director of a refrigeration company.

Click to view a 'Virtual Gallery' of other paintings by George Paterson Yeats, from the Malvern Library collection


Exhibition of Victorian art

In October 2016 an exhibition of Victorian Art, showing views of Malvern, was organised by local historian Brian Iles, in association with Malvern Library. This was part of the wonderful Autumn in Malvern Festival event, organised by Peter Smith.

The exhibition was held in the north aisle of Great Malvern Priory and you will see we have included 'snapshots' of some of the pictures from the Malvern Library (ML) collection to illustrate this page. We hope that if you are interested to find out more, you will contact Malvern Library.

Art exhibition in Great Malvern Priory

This exhibition was mainly devoted to watercolours by Mary Brandling and George Paterson Yeats, but there were a few other works, for example a view of Jubilee Drive by P Scott Russell - we have been unable to determine who Scott Russell was - can you tell us?

Jubilee Drive by P Scott Russell

Jubilee Drive, British Camp, by P Scott Russell, source ML

Another lovely drawing was a sketch of Great Malvern looking northwest towards the Abbey Gateway.

Sketch of Great Malvern

Great Malvern about 1830, artist unknown, source ML

Brian Iles and Malvern Library are to be congratulated for organising an excellent event.

Art exhibition in Malvern Priory

Art exhibition in Great Malvern Priory, October 2016

 

BBC Your Paintings and the Art UK website

We found the BBC website 'Your Paintings' a valuable source of information about works of art, but circa 2015 it was replaced by the Art UK website artuk.org

Art UK say their mission is to open up public collections for enjoyment, learning and research. It encourages public collections to show their artworks online, including works in storage that are not usually on view.

Art UK is a registered charity (previously known as the Public Catalogue Foundation). The website is a joint initiative between Art UK and art collections from across the UK. Project partners include the BBC, Oxford University Press, the Public Monuments and Sculpture Association, Culture 24, the Visual Geometry Group at Oxford University and the University of Glasgow. Mostly the pictures are oil paintings.

In some cases you will find a short biography of the artist, but often you will not.

Malvern Library

The Art UK website says this about Malvern Library:

Malvern Library holds an extensive collection of illustrations of Malvern and the surrounding area. This includes oil paintings, watercolours, photographs and lithographs. Many benefactors have donated items to the collection since the library was opened over 100 years ago. One of the highlights of the collection is a painting of Great Malvern by William Turner of Oxford (1789–1862) presented by Sir Edward Elgar in commemoration of the passing of the Malvern Hills Act 1924.

We assume most of these works of art are held in a storeroom, though items from the collection are regularly put on display. Malvern Library has an 'Additions to Stock' book going back to the early days of the library with details of all the donors. Items from the 'Illustrations' collection in the Library are available on request (ref 16).


Back to top

References

  1. Worcester Artists 1790 - 1940, Index, Worcester Records Office
  2. Woods Christopher, Dictionary of British Art Vol IV, Victorian Painters, published 1995. Volume 1, 'The Text' ISBN 1 851491716
  3. Obituary of Norman May, Malvern Advertiser, June 22nd 1889
  4. Iles Brian, Malvern Through Time, Amberley Publishing, 2009
  5. Weaver Cora, Osborne Bruce, Aqua Malvernensis, the Springs and Fountains of the Malvern Hills, Aldine Press 1994
  6. London Gazette August 29th 1879
  7. England and Wales Census
  8. Kelly's and other Trade Directories of Worcestershire
  9. The Times 1934
  10. Wikipedia
  11. Smith Keith, The Archive Photographic Series, Around Malvern, Chalford Publishing 1995
  12. Indexes of births, marriages and deaths
  13. Communication from J Tidman, May 2016, grand-daughter of CD Walton
  14. The Guarlford Story, published by the Guarlford History Group 2005
  15. Exhibition of Victorian paintings at Great Malvern Priory, October 2016
  16. Communication from C Lees, Malvern Library
  17. Promotion organised by Philip Laney and Jolly